1,4-Butanediol by Electrochemical Synthesis - …
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Butanediol (1,4 BDO & 2,3 BDO) 1,3 Butadiene and …
1,4-Butanediol is the with the HOCH2CH2CH2CH2OH. This colorless is derived from by placement of groups at each end of the chain. It is one of four stable of .
Genomatica (a -based company) has genetically engineered E. coli to metabolize sugar into 1,4-butanediol. They expect to build and begin operating a pilot plant by the end of 2009. Genomatica CEO Christopher Gann said the process consumes 32,000 per pound of 1,4-butanediol (75 MJ/kg), far less than the acetylene-based process, and does not have any by-products.
1,4-Butanediol | 110-63-4 | B2144 | Spectrum Chemical
While 1,4-butanediol is not currently federally in the United States, a number of states have classified 1,4-butanediol as a controlled substance. Additionally, individuals have been prosecuted for 1,4-butanediol under the as substantially similar to . Scheduling of 1,4-butanediol on a federal level seems unlikely considering its legitimate industrial applications.
1,4-Butanediol seems to have two types of pharmacological actions. The major psychoactive effects of 1,4-butanediol are because it is metabolized into GHB; however there is some evidence that 1,4-butanediol may have inherent alcohol-like pharmacological effects that are not due to this conversion.
1,4-Butanediol - Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge …
1,4-Butanediol is converted into GHB by the enzymes and and differing levels of these enzymes may account for differences in effects and side effects between users. Because these enzymes are also responsible for metabolizing alcohol there is a strong chance of a dangerous drug interaction. Emergency room patients who overdose on both and 1,4-butanediol often present with symptoms of intoxication initially and as the ethanol is metabolized the 1,4-butanediol is then able to better compete for the enzyme and a second period of intoxication ensues as the 1,4-butanediol is converted into GHB.
Anecdotal reports indicate that 1,4-butanediol produces a strong toxic feeling not present with GHB when ingested. These reports also indicate that it may cause damage to the liver as well as to other vital organs. Abuse has also resulted in addiction and death.
1,4-Butanediol or tetramethylene glycol is a colorless viscous liquid
1,4 butanediol | Cas 110-63-4 - Actuall Chemicals
Products > Water Treatment And Metal Chemicals > 1,4-BUTANEDIOL (1,4- BÜTANDİOL) > ..
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In its industrial synthesis, acetylene reacts with two equivalents of formaldehyde to form 1,4-butynediol
The synthesis of the 2,3-difluorobutan-1,4-diol …
1,4 Butanediol - The Full Wiki
The synthesis of the 2,3-difluorobutan-1,4-diol ..
World production of 1,4-Butanediol is about one million metric tons per year and market price is about 2,000 (1,600 EUR) per ton (2005). Almost half of it is dehydrated to to make fibers such as . The largest producer is .
1 4 butanediol synthesis essay - Project 150
1,4-Butanediol is used industrially as a and in the manufacture of some types of , elastic and . In , 1,4-butanediol is used for the synthesis of (GBL). In the presence of and high temperature, it dehydrates to the important solvent . At about 200 °C in the presence of soluble , the diol undergoes to form .
Butanediol (1,4 BDO & 2,3 BDO), 1,3 Butadiene And …
It is also used as a known by some users as "One Comma Four", "One Four Bee" or "One Four B-D-O". It exerts effects similar to (GHB), which is a metabolic product of 1,4-butanediol.
1,4-Butanediol | Information | NPCS
manufactures 1,4-butanediol in a proprietary, multi-step process without the use of acetylene. First, is converted to . The allyl alcohol is then to 4-hydroxybutyraldehyde. of the 4-hydroxybutyraldehyde yields 1,4 butanediol.
1,4-Butanediol is the organic compound with the formula ..
In its industrial , reacts with two equivalents of to form , also known as but-2-yne-1,4-diol. This type of acetylene-based process is illustrative of what is known as "Reppe chemistry", after German chemist . of 1,4-butynediol gives 1,4-butanediol.
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For its landmark Etileno XXI project, this company -- a joint venture of the premier thermoplastic resins producer in the Americas and one of Mexico’s leading petrochemical groups -- secured a total investment of $4.5B to build the largest petrochemical facility in the Americas, capable of producing 1+ million tons of ethylene and polyethylene annually.
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