Two Stages of Photosynthesis | Sciencing
Discusses the details of photosynthetic processes at the macro and molecular level
The overall process of photosynthesis takes place in four stages: ..
So how can these factors have an effect on the rate of photosynthesis? Lets start off with the light intensity. When the light intensity is poor, there is a shortage of ATP and NADPH, as these are products from the light dependent reactions. Without these products the light independent reactions can't occur as glycerate 3-phosphate cannot be reduced. Therefore a shortage of these products will limit the rate of photosynthesis. When the carbon dioxide concentration is low, the amount of glycerate 3-phosphate produced is limited as carbon dioxide is needed for its production and therefore the rate of photosynthesis is affected. Finally, many enzymes are involved during the process of photosynthesis. At low temperatures these enzymes work slower. At high temperatures the enzymes no longer work effectively. This affects the rate of the reactions in the Calvin cycle and therefore the rate of photosynthesis will be affected.
The drawback to C4 photosynthesis is the extra energy in the form of that is used to pump the 4-carbon acids to the bundle sheath cell and the pumping of the 3-carbon compound back to the mesophyll cell for conversion to PEP. This loss to the system is why C3 plants will outperform C4 plants if there is a lot of water and sun. The C4 plants make some of that energy back in the fact that the rubisco is optimally used and the plant has to spend less energy synthesizing rubisco.
2 Stages of Photosynthesis Flashcards | Quizlet
The electrons from the chain of electron carriers are then accepted by Photosystem I. These electrons replace electrons previously lost from Photosystem I. Photosystem I then absorbs light and becomes photoactivated. The electrons become excited again as they are raised to a higher energy state. These excited electrons then pass along a short chain of electron carriers and are eventually used to reduce NADP+ in the stroma. NADP+ accepts two excited electrons from the chain of carriers and one H+ ion from the stroma to form NADPH.
Experiments using of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen have increased our understanding of photosynthesis. One of these experiments involves an isotope of oxygen, 18O.
What are the two stages of photosynthesis
Photosynthesis occurs inside chloroplasts. Chloroplasts contain chlorophyll, a green pigment found inside the thylakoid membranes. These chlorophyll molecules are arranged in groups called photosystems. There are two types of photosystems, Photosystem II and Photosystem I. When a chlorophyll molecule absorbs light, the energy from this light raises an electron within the chlorophyll molecule to a higher energy state. The chlorophyll molecule is then said to be photoactivated. Excited electron anywhere within the photosystem are then passed on from one chlorophyll molecule to the next until they reach a special chlorophyll molecule at the reaction centre of the photosystem. This special chlorophyll molecule then passes on the excited electron to a chain of electron carriers.
Sugarcane is a champion at photosynthesis under the right conditions and is a prime example of a C4 plant, one which uses C4 photosynthesis. Sugarcane has been recorded at 7% .
What Are The Two Stages In The Process Of Photosynthesis?
Understanding photosynthesis - Higher tier A two-stage process
Photosynthesis: Two Stages
Photosynthesis - University of Illinois at …
Stages of Photosynthesis
What Happens During Stage One of Photosynthesis? | …
16/01/2018 · Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: the light reactions and the dark reactions
"What Happens During Stage One of Photosynthesis?"
A limiting factor is a factor that controls a process. Light intensity, temperature and carbon dioxide concentration are all factors which can control the rate of photosynthesis. Usually, only one of these factors will be the limiting factor in a plant at a certain time. This is the factor which is the furthest from its optimum level at a particular point in time. If we change the limiting factor the rate of photosynthesis will change but changes to the other factors will have no effect on the rate. If the levels of the limiting factor increase so that this factor is no longer the furthest from its optimum level, the limiting factor will change to the factor which is at that point in time, the furthest from its optimum level. For example, at night the limiting factor is likely to be the light intensity as this will be the furthest from its optimum level. During the day, the limiting factor is likely to switch to the temperature or the carbon dioxide concentration as the light intensity increases.
What are two stages of photosynthesis and how do …
The advantage that comes from this two-stage process is that the active pumping of carbon into the bundle sheath cell and the blocking of oxygen produce an environment with 10-120x as much CO2 available to the Calvin cycle and the tends to be optimally utilized. The high CO2 concentration and the absence of oxygen implies that the system never experiences the detractive effects of .
The Two Stages of Photosynthesis - Mrs-A-Science - …
These intermediates are characterized by their resistance to so that they can operate in higher temperatures and dryer environments than . At right, the ranges of CO2 compensation points for the three types of plants are shown. These compensation points are the values at which the plants cease to provide net photosynthesis.
Stages of Photosynthesis - Process of Photosynthesis
This CO2 then enters the in a of the bundle sheath cell and produces G3P and subsequently sucrose, starch and other carbohydrates that enter the cells system.
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