Using the ATP and NADPH produced by the ..
This process utilizes ATP and the reducing equivalents like NADPH and NADH.
What is the Role of ATP in photosynthesis
Photosynthesis converts these energy- depleted compounds (ADPand NADP+) back to the high energy forms (ATP and NADPH) and theenergy thus produced in this chemical form is utilized to drivethe chemical reactions necessary for synthesis of sugars andother carbon containing compounds (e.g., proteins, fats). Theproduction of high energy ATP and NADPH in plants occurs in whatis known as Light Phase Reactions (Z Scheme) (requiressunlight). The energy releasing reactions which converts themback to energy-depleted ADP and NADP is known as Dark PhaseReactions (Calvin Cycle) (does not require light) in whichthe synthesis of glucose and other carbohydrates occurs.
For each electron flowing from water to NADP+ (a net change in1.14 volts), two quanta of light are absorbed, one by eachPhotosystem. Each molecule of oxygen released involves the flowof four electrons from two water molecules to two NADP+s andrequires four quanta of sunlight absorbed by each Photosystem toprovide the energy to do this. These are the "Light PhaseReactions" of photosynthesis, which produce two high energychemical products, namely NADPH and ATP.
ADP and NADP+ into the energy carriers ATP and NADPH.
Water (H2O) is split in this process, releasing oxygen (O2) and hydrogen ions (H+). The electrons from the electron transport chain combine with these H+ ions and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate ions (NADP+) to form adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and a reduced unit of NADP+, called NADPH (NADP plus an electron, or H). These energy storage forms, ATP and NADPH, are used to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) to build carbohydrates during the second phase of photosynthesis. Plants can then break down these carbohydrates to fuel their existence.
When the chlorophyll molecule is excited by light, the energylevel of an electron in its structure is "boosted to ahigher energy level and this "excited" chlorophyll (nowis called an ) moves rapidly the the reactioncenter of the Photosystem I where it transfers its extra energyto an electron which is then expelled from the reaction centerand is accepted by the first member of a chain of electroncarriers and ultimately reaches NADP+, reducing it to NADPH. Thereaction center has lost an electron and this "electronhole" is filled by by stripping electrons from water whichleaves hydrogen ion (H+) and molecular oxygen (O2). The pathwayof electrons from water to NADP+ has "Z" shape whendiagramed and is refered to as the Z Scheme.
Discuss the role of ATP and NADPH
This molecule is very important in the life cycle of any cell (go to this link to see what it looks like:.
In fact, a lot of reductive biosynthesis reactions require NADPH as an electron donor.
The oxidative chemical reactions of respiration releaseenergy, some of which is heat and some of it is captured in theform of high energy compunds such as Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)and Nicotinamide adenide dinucleotide phosphate (NADPH). Thesecompounds have a high energy (unstable) terminal phosphate bondand that terminal phosphate is easily detached with the transferof the energy to drive chemical reactions in the synthesis ofother biomolecules. In this case, the ATP loses one phosphate tobecome the energy-depleted ADP (Adenosine diphosphate)and the NADPH loses one electron to become energy-depleted NADP+.
if it were given ATP, NADPH, and CO2
In Photosynthesis, the role of ATP ..
The role of NADPH in oxygen ..
How does ATP and NADPH contribute to photosynthesis
The role of NADPH …
Answer NADPH and ATP are used for the Calvin Cycle in photosynthesis.
PGA molecules are converted into PGAL by using ATP and NADPH from the ..
Role of atp in photosynthesis | scholarly search
Photoaututrophs utilize sunlight for energy and CO2 for theircarbon source by this process of PHOTOSYNTHESIS whereby sunlightis absorbed by a complex compound known as chlorophyll andconverted to energy which drives a series of chemical reactionsthat ultimately removes hydrogen from water or other compoundsand then combines the hydrogen with carbon dioxide in a way thatproduces sugars.
06/03/2008 · ALL the NADPH and some of the ATP, ..
So we can summarize by saying that the photosynthetic plantstrap solar energy to form ATP and NADPH (Light Phase) and thenuse these as the energy source to make carbohydrates and otherbiomolecules from carbon dioxide and water (Dark Phase),simultaneously releasing oxygen in to the atmosphere. Thechemoheterotrophic animals reverse this process by using theoxygen to degrade the energy-rich organic products ofphotosynthesis to CO2 and water in order to generate ATP fortheir own synthesis of biomolecules.
Re: What are ATP and NADPH? - MadSci
Another example is the conversion of ribonucleotides (RNA) to deoxyribonucleotides (DNA) requires NADPH as the electron source, so that any rapidly proliferating cell needs huge quantities of NADPH !
The proton gradient is exploited to generate ATP and NADPH
The Z Scheme diagram shows the pathway of an electron fromwater (lower right) to NADP+ (upper left). It also shows theenergy relationships which are measured as voltage potentialshown on the scaleon the right. To raise the energy of theelectrons derived from water (+0.82 volts) to the level necessaryto reduce NADP+ to NADPH (-0.32 volts), each electron must beboosted twice (vertical red arrows) by light energy absorbed inPhotosystems I and II. After each boosting , the energizedelectrons flow "downhill" (diagonal black lines) and inthe process transfer some of their energy to a series ofreactions which ultimately adds a phosporus to ADP to producehigh energy ATP and reduces NADP+ to NADPH. There is analternative shunt whereby the electron flow turns back tocytochrome b563 (green line)and this is called and it occurs when there is no need for NADPH, so onlyATP is produced.
of light reaction of photosynthesis, i.e., NADPH 2 and ATP
Now what are the "Dark Phase Reactions" (aka CalvinCycle)? This is the cycle that converts CO2 into glucose. Sinceit utilizes the chemical energy in the ATP and NADPH, it does notrequire sunlight (hence the name). It is a complex cycle ofmostly phosphorylation (adding or removing phosphate) andoxidative (electron removal) chemical reactions whereby 6molecules of CO2 are converted into one molecule of glucose. Itrequires the energy-releasing cleavage of high energy bonds of 18ATPs and 12 NADPHs . The resulting 18 ADPs and 12 NADP+s are thenrestored by the Light Phase process to their high energy forms(ATP and NADPH).
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