Call us toll-free

Biological Preparedness Definition

preparedness hypothesis suggests that we carry an innate biological tendency from PSYC 1001 at South University - Campus

Approximate price

Pages:

275 Words

$19,50

Psychlopedia - preparedness hypothesis

The relevance of Bayes’ Theorem to CognitiveScience. Bayesianism is in its origins a normative theory ofwhat one ought to believe under specific epistemiccircumstances, and as such it has been applied extensively inunderstanding theory confirmation in the sciences. It first cameto the fore in the cognitive sciences as an ideal against which onecould measure human irrationality. Kahneman and Tversky(1972) famously showed that ordinary reasoners typically fall short ofBayesian standards when they are asked to decide the bearing ofevidence on hypotheses, in part because they misjudge the relevance ofthe prior probability of the hypotheses. But in recent years, Bayesian methodologies have become a unifying framework for analyzing all aspects of cognition that can be represented as inference under uncertainty. For example, Bayesian ideas have been successfully applied to the processingunderlying perception—especially the visual system (Knill& Richards 1996; Rao et al. 2002). In visual perception,a pattern of light hits the eye (the proximal stimulus), and the visualsystem needs to determine the nature of the visual scene in theenvironment (the distal stimulus) that caused that pattern. Theproximal stimulus is compatible with a number of different distalstimuli. So the system faces something like theunder-determination problem that a scientist faces. Both mustselect one view about what the world is like on the basis ofinformation that still leaves other possibilities open. It turnsout that Bayesian methods have been very successful at modeling how thevisual system resolves these uncertainties.

Throughout human history, people lived in caves and hunted/raised animals

2. Which of the following would be to be noticedby a clinician using strictly the medical model of mental disorder3. Which disorder involves extreme swings of mood from elation todepression4. According to the biological preparedness hypothesis, which oneof the following phobias would you expect to be most common?

There were unrecognizable creatures that humans had to face

The American Heritage Dictionary defines a as, "a tentative explanation for an observation, phenomenon, or scientific problem that can be tested by further investigation." This means a hypothesis is the stepping stone to a soon-to-be proven theory. For a hypothesis to be considered a scientific hypothesis, it must be proven through the scientific method. Like anything else in life, there are many paths to take to get to the same ending. Let's take a look at the different types of hypotheses that can be employed when seeking to prove a new theory.

The present hypothesis is compatible with a range of other proposals and theories dealing with the proximate level of causation, i.e. genetic, neurochemical and environmental factors, in OCD. Psychological theories that emphasise an acquired environmental causation (e.g. Salkovskis, 1985) as well as findings pointing to a biological aetiology of OCD (Rosenberg & Keshavan, 1998) are both consistent with the present Darwinian formulation. Whereas the present hypothesis describes the adaptive function of a putative neurobiological system, addressing the question of 'why' it exists, it is compatible with theories that explain 'how' it works.

Study Exam Questions for Psychological Disorders

Order now
  • What Is Preparedness In Psychology? - YouTube

    Psychology

  • Preparedness hypothesis | Shri Mataji Nirmala

    Topic: Psychological Disorders

  • International Journal of Science Education - Taylor & …

    South University - Campus

Order now
  • Kim

    "I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."

  • Paul

    "Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."

  • Ellen

    "Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."

  • Joyce

    "Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."

  • Albert

    "Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."

  • Mary

    "Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."

Ready to tackle your homework?

Place an order