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150.161 Artificially sweetened fruit preserves and jams.Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances

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Chemical properties and synthesis of organic polymers.

Xiaoxin Zou was awarded a Ph.D. in inorganic chemistry from Jilin University, China, in June 2011, and then moved to the University of California, Riverside, and then Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, as a postdoctoral scholar from July 2011 to October 2013. He is currently an associate professor in the State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry at Jilin University. His research interests focus on the design and synthesis of noble-metal-free, nanostructured, and/or nanoporous materials for water splitting and renewable energy applications.

181.23 Antimycotics.Subpart B--Listing of Specific Substances Affirmed as GRAS

The applications of copper (Cu) and Cu-based nanoparticles, which are based on the earth-abundant and inexpensive copper metal, have generated a great deal of interest in recent years, especially in the field of catalysis. The possible modification of the chemical and physical properties of these nanoparticles using different synthetic strategies and conditions and/or via postsynthetic chemical treatments has been largely responsible for the rapid growth of interest in these nanomaterials and their applications in catalysis. In addition, the design and development of novel support and/or multimetallic systems (e.g., alloys, etc.) has also made significant contributions to the field. In this comprehensive review, we report different synthetic approaches to Cu and Cu-based nanoparticles (metallic copper, copper oxides, and hybrid copper nanostructures) and copper nanoparticles immobilized into or supported on various support materials (SiO2, magnetic support materials, etc.), along with their applications in catalysis. The synthesis part discusses numerous preparative protocols for Cu and Cu-based nanoparticles, whereas the application sections describe their utility as catalysts, including electrocatalysis, photocatalysis, and gas-phase catalysis. We believe this critical appraisal will provide necessary background information to further advance the applications of Cu-based nanostructured materials in catalysis.

Pd catalyzed polycarbonate synthesis from bisphenol A …

The mechanism of synthesis and curing reaction were investigated by infrared spectroscopy and chemical analysis method.

Rajender S. Varma was born in India (Ph.D., Delhi University, 1976). After postdoctoral research at Robert Robinson Laboratories, Liverpool, U.K., he was a faculty member of the Baylor College of Medicine and Sam Houston State University prior to joining the Sustainable Technology Division at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 1999. He has over 40 years of research experience in management of multidisciplinary technical programs and is extensively involved in sustainable aspects of chemistry, which include development of environmentally benign synthetic methods using alternate energy input using microwaves, ultrasound, and mechanochemistry, etc., efficient technologies for greener remediation of contaminants, and environmental sciences. Lately, he has been focused on greener approaches to assembly of nanomaterials and sustainable applications of magnetically retrievable nanocatalysts in benign media. He is a member of the editorial advisory board of several international journals and has published over 430 scientific papers and been awarded 14 U.S. patents.

Radek Zboril received his Ph.D. degree at the Palacky University, Olomouc. After his Ph.D. studies, he took positions at the Universities of Tokyo, Delaware, and Johannesburg. Currently, he is a professor in the Department of Physical Chemistry and a general director of the Regional Centre of Advanced Technologies and Materials at Palacky University, Olomouc. His research interests are centered on nanomaterials, including iron- and iron oxide-based NPs, silver NPs, carbon nanostructures, and magnetic NPs, and encompass their synthesis, physicochemical characterization, and applications in catalysis, water treatment, antimicrobial treatment, medicine, and biotechnology. He has published more than 250 scientific papers, including 10 review papers in American Chemical Society (ACS) journals (e.g., , , ).

Synthesis of polycarbonate from dimethyl carbonate …

172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.Subpart B--Specific Prior-Sanctioned Food Ingredients

Xiaoxi Huang was born in China. He received a B.S. degree in pharmaceutical science (2011) from the Peking University Health Science Center. He is now a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rutgers University, under the supervision of Prof. Tewodros (Teddy) Asefa. His current research interests include the design and synthesis of novel multifunctional nanomaterials for biomedical and catalysis applications.

Tewodros (Teddy) Asefa is currently a professor in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology and the Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, NJ. He is also a member of the Rutgers Institute for Materials, Devices, and Nanotechnology (IAMDN) and the Rutgers Energy Institute (REI). In December 2009, he helped to put together the Rutgers Catalysis Research Center (RCRC). His group at Rutgers is involved in the development of synthetic methods of a wide array of functional and core/shell nanomaterials and the investigation of their potential applications in catalysis, electrocatalysis, targeted delivery of drugs to specific cells, nanocytotoxicity, solar cells, and environmental remediation. He is a recipient of the National Science Foundation (NSF) CAREER Award (2007–2012), the NSF Special Creativity Award in 2011, the Rutgers Board of Governors Research Fellowship in 2012, and multiple federal and local research grants. He was named the National Science Foundation American Competitiveness Fellow (NSF ACIF) in 2010 and also serves as a panelist for several federal and international agencies. He has recently coedited a book on nanocatalysis (Wiley) and has written over 120 peer-reviewed scientific papers and several book chapters over the past decade.

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  • Synthesis and characterization of bisphenol-A …

    Bisphenol A (BPA) is an organic synthetic compound with the chemical formula (CH 3) 2 C ..

  • Polycarbonate Synthesis - Springer

    Pd catalyzed polycarbonate synthesis from bisphenol A and CO: control of polymer chain—end structure

  • Scheme 2 Synthesis of bisphenol-A novolac epoxy resin ..

    Sigma-Aldrich Online Catalog Product List: Bisphenol A Polymers and Epoxy Prepolymer Resins

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We make the prepolymer using bisphenol A and epichlorohydrin

A bio-based bisphenolic analogue, bisguaiacol (BG), was synthesized via electrophilic aromatic condensation of vanillyl ...A sustainable approach to produce BPA-free epoxy resins from natural and abundant resources is presented.

Bisphenol A (BPA) | Recycled Plastic

In our work, we, for the first time, successfully synthesized Pt-Pd octahedral nanofrems through site-selected deposition of Pt atoms onto Pd octahedral seeds and selective removal of Pd octahedral cores.

Bisphenol A Dimethacrylate - Monomers - Monomer-Polymer

150.141 Artificially sweetened fruit jelly.

Subpart B--Requirements for Specific Standardized Fruit Butters, Jellies, Preserves, and Related Products

Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Bisphenol …

The most common and important epoxy compound is the diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A, which is formed from reacting epichlorhydrin with bisphenol A. The industrial grades normally contain some distribution of molecular weight, since pure DGEBA shows a strong tendency to form a crystalline solid upon storage at ambient temperature. If exactly two moles of epichlorhydrin are reacted with one mole of bisphenol A the product is the bisphenol A diglycidyl ether, commonly abbreviated to DGEBA. Increasing the ratio of bisphenol A to epichlorhydrin during synthesis produces higher molecular weight linear polyethers with glycidyl end groups, which are semi-solid to hard crystalline materials at room temperature depending on the molecular weight achieved. As the molecular weight of the resin increases, the epoxide content reduces and the material behaves more and more like a thermoplastic. Very high molecular weight polycondensates of 30 000 – 70 000 g/mol are known as phenoxy resins and contain virtually no epoxide groups since the amount of terminal epoxy groups is insignificant compared to the total weight of the molecule. These resins do however contain hydroxyl groups throughout the backbone, which may also undergo crosslinking reactions, i.e. they can react with isocyanates etc.

Carboxylic acid - Synthesis of carboxylic acids | …

François-Xavier Felpin was born in Villefranche-sur-Saône, France, in 1977. He received his Ph.D degree in 2003 from the University of Nantes under the supervision of Professor Jacques Lebreton working on the synthesis of alkaloids. After receiving his Ph.D., he was engaged in a postdoctoral position with Professor Robert S. Coleman at The Ohio State University working on the synthesis of mitomycin. In 2004, he joined the University of Bordeaux as an assistant professor and received his habilitation in 2009. In the fall of 2011, he moved to the University of Nantes, where he was promoted to full professor. Prof. Felpin is a junior member of the Institut Universitaire de France, and he recently received the 2014 Young Researcher Award from the French Chemical Society. His research interests include heterogeneous and homogeneous sustainable catalysis, new technologies, and material chemistry.

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