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Punctuation Junction: Parentheses and Brackets - APA Style

MLA, or Modern Language Association, is a popular citation style, particularly in history, philosophy and literature

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Citing Sources in the Text - IVCC

For magazines, provide the day month (abbreviated) and year of publication and follow the year with a colon (:). Do not put the date in parenthesis. Example:

by Chelsea Lee Punctuation Junction: A series about what happens when punctuation marks collide

[That is, page 14 of the work written by Mirza which is listed in the bibliography.] Example #3. Only one study by the author is given in the bibliography and the author's name is not mentioned in the text: include the author's name and the page number in parentheses after the reference or quote:

Se ha dicho que este ensayo de Haney-Russell describe “los problemas que enfrenta a una mujer que está confusa sobre el amor.” (Smith 125).

Citations and References: Documenting your Sources

This is what citations and references are for

Example #2. Only one study by the author is given in the bibliography, and the author's name is indicated in the text itself: put the page number of the work in parentheses after the reference or quote:

En uno de estos cuentos hay un hombre llamado Ali que según Mirza “sin duda alguna representa ...” (14).

Put a short form of the title involved plus the page number in parentheses after the reference:

En su prólogo Metzger insiste en que hay “aspectos universales” en cuanto a las situaciones pintadas en la literatura contemporánea ( viii).

Provides APA Style guidelines on correct parentheses use.

Formatting in-text citation brackets (paranthesis) Options

There are many different forms of documentation (systems of citation and reference), varying across academic fields. You may be familiar with MLA (Modern Language Association) used in English or CBE (Council of Biological Editors) used in the life sciences. But even within academic fields there are different forms because different scholarly journals specify a system to be used in those journals.

APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, (6th ed., 2nd printing).

Formatting in-text citation brackets (paranthesis) ..
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  • Turabian Parenthetical/Reference List Style

    Citing Sources in the Text

  • Parenthetical references should include the author's name, ..

    (Modern Language ..

  • Basic Rules for Parenthetical Citation

    How To

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Quotations and citing sources in papers - Indiana University

For scholarly journals you need only include the year of publication in your citation. Put the year in parenthesis and follow the parenthesis with a colon (:). Example:

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