Dehydration Synthesis - ScienceStruck
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Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis Flashcards | Quizlet
1) What is the difference between dehydration and hydrolysis?
2) What are the two categories of minerals?
3) What is a macronutrient?
4) What is a disaccharide?
Testing for Nutrients
Starch- Using iodine
-If iodine turns black/blue starch is present
Simple Sugars- Using Benedict's solution
- if it turns red, simple sugars are present
Fats/Lipids- using paper towel
-if liquid dries up, no fat is present
Protein- Nitric Acid and Sodium Hydroxide in a hot water bath
-if it turns yellow if protein is present
Carbohydrates, proteins, and nucleic acids) are huge and made of thousands of atoms.
Polymers are broken down through the reverse process, hydrolysis.
A Condensation reaction is when two molecules are covalently bonded through the loss of a molecule.
More Specifically, these are
, as an H2O molecule is lost.
This is repeated over many times to connect many monomers into a polymer.
Enzymes are special macromolecules, that speed up this chemical reaction.
How does dehydration synthesis work in proteins
There are 2 main categories of nutrients....
Carbs: - Dissacharides
2 simple sugars (Glu-Glu, Glu-Fru, Glu-Galactose)
Broken down in small intestine
Long term energy storage
100's or 1000's of glucose linked together
Digestion starts in mouth (amylase) and continues in small intestine
Proteins: Tissue building enzymes
1000's of amino acids linked together
digestion starts in stomach and ends in small intestine
End up with individual amino acids
Fats/ Lipids: Important for cell membrane, insulation,
Glycerol and fatty acids linked together
Digested in small intestine
Saturated and Unsaturated
2) Minerals (2 categories)
-5% of our body weight
-essential for muscle contraction and blood clotting, protein synthesis
-body requires approximately 21 minerals
-Mg, Ca, P, K, Na, Cl
-Fe, Mn, Cu, I, Co, Zn, F
Hydrolysis is the cleavage or breaking down of chemical bonds, when water is added.
Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis - YouTube
Difference Between Hydrolysis and Dehydration Synthesis …
Dehydration Synthesis to make proteins - YouTube
The synthesis of proteins requires reactions between amino acids in order to release proteins and water as byproducts
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Dehydration Synthesis and Hydrolysis Reactions - Duration: 7:05
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