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Scheme 4. Synthesis of Bisdiphosphates 3-OPP and 4-OPP.

Synthesis of Sodium Neodymium Diphosphate, NaNdP 2 O 7, and Its Powder XRD Data and IR Spectra

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Synthesis of o-geranyl (1-thio)diphosphate — …

Several oligonucleotides of defined sequence were synthesized using 2'(3')-O-dihydrocinnamoyl-nucleoside 5'-diphosphates (DHC-NDP) as substrates for polynucleotide phosphorylase [EC 2. 7. 7. 8] from Thermus thermophilus. The enzyme catalyzed the transfer of one nucleotidyl residue from each of the 2'(3')-O-dihydrocinnamoyl esters of CDP, UDP, and GDP to the 3'-terminus of the primer triadenosine diphosphate, (Ap)2A. The products were shown to be (Ap)2C, (Ap)3U, and (Ap)8G by enzymatic analysis.

Farnesyl Diphosphate: Chemical commercial synthesis

N2 - O-Geranyl (1-thio)diphosphate was synthesized from geraniol via H-phosphonate and thiophosphate intermediates in 5 steps with an overall yield of 20%.

Thiamine diphosphate synthesis and redox state …

Are there any practiced commercial routes for the synthesis of "farnesyl diphosphate"

AB - O-Geranyl (1-thio)diphosphate was synthesized from geraniol via H-phosphonate and thiophosphate intermediates in 5 steps with an overall yield of 20%.

Farnesyl diphosphate synthase catalyzes the sequential chain elongation reactions between isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and dimethylallyl diphosphate (DMAPP) to form geranyl diphosphate (GPP) and between IPP and GPP to give farnesyl diphosphate (FPP). Bisubstrate analogues containing the allylic and homoallylic substrates were synthesized by joining fragments for IPP and the allylic diphosphates with a C-C bond between the methyl group at C3 in IPP and the Z-methyl group at C3 in DMAPP (3-OPP) and GPP (4-OPP), respectively. These constructs placed substantial limits on the conformational space available to the analogues relative to the two substrates. The key features of the synthesis of bisubstrate analogues 3-OPP and 4-OPP are a regioselective C-alkylation of the dianion of 3-methyl-3-buten-1-ol (5), a Z-selective cuprate addition of alkyl groups to an α,β-alkynyl ester intermediate, and differential activation of allylic and homoallylic alcohols in the analogues, followed by a simultaneous displacement of the leaving groups with tris(tetra-n-butylammonium) hydrogen diphosphate to give the corresponding bisdiphosphate analogues. The bisubstrate analogues were substrates for FPP synthase, giving novel seven-membered ring analogues of GPP and FPP. The catalytic efficiencies for cyclization of 3-OPP and 4-OPP were similar to those for chain elongation with IPP and DMAPP.

Enzymic synthesis of adenosine diphosphate glucose …

One-Pot Synthesis of P1,P2-Diaciclovir-5'-Diphosphate …

AB - A new and more efficient synthesis of combretastatin A-3 (2a) was completed (8.4% overall yield) starting from methyl gallate and isovanillin with aldehyde 5 and phosphonium salt 8 as key intermediates. Conversion of combretastatin A-3 (2a) to a series of diphosphate prodrugs (10a-1) was readily achieved. Both the diphosphate sodium (10a) and potassium salts (10c) displayed aqueous solubility in excess of 220 mg/ml at room temperature and good cancer cell line inhibitory activity.

Limonene and its metabolite perillyl alcohol are naturally-occurring isoprenoids that block the growth of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. This cytostatic effect appears to be due, at least in part, to the fact that these compounds are weak yet selective and non-toxic inhibitors of protein prenylation. Protein-farnesyl transferase (FTase), the enzyme responsible for protein farnesylation, has become a key target for the rational design of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, several α-hydroxyphosphonate derivatives of limonene were designed and synthesized as potentially more potent FTase inhibitors. A noteworthy feature of the synthesis was the use of trimethylsilyl triflate as a mild, neutral deprotection method for the preparation of sensitive phosphonates from the corresponding tert-butyl phosphonate esters. Evaluation of these compounds demonstrates that they are exceptionally poor FTase inhibitors in vitro (IC50≥3mM) and they have no effect on protein farnesylation in cells. In contrast, farnesyl phosphonyl(methyl)phosphinate, a diphosphate-modified derivative of the natural substrate farnesyl diphosphate, is a very potent FTase inhibitor in vitro (K(i)=23nM). Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

Phosphoribosyl diphosphate synthetase-independent NAD …
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  • Chemistry for Biologists: Respiration

    Coordinate control of the synthesis of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase components in Escherichia coli.

  • Respiration What is respiration

    Peptidoglycan synthesis involves two carriers UDP uridine diphosphate which from MCB 3023 at University of Florida

  • DropSens ::.. Nanomaterials. Electrochemical reagents.

    Synthesis and enzymatic studies of bisubstrate analogues for farnesyl diphosphate synthase EFI

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Also functionalized with -COOH and -NH2 groups

O-Geranyl (1-thio)diphosphate was synthesized from geraniol via H-phosphonate and thiophosphate intermediates in 5 steps with an overall yield of 20%.

Cholesterol: Synthesis, Metabolism, Regulation

A new and more efficient synthesis of combretastatin A-3 (2a) was completed (8.4% overall yield) starting from methyl gallate and isovanillin with aldehyde 5 and phosphonium salt 8 as key intermediates. Conversion of combretastatin A-3 (2a) to a series of diphosphate prodrugs (10a-1) was readily achieved. Both the diphosphate sodium (10a) and potassium salts (10c) displayed aqueous solubility in excess of 220 mg/ml at room temperature and good cancer cell line inhibitory activity.

ChemGenes – Specialty Oligonucleotide Department

N2 - A new and more efficient synthesis of combretastatin A-3 (2a) was completed (8.4% overall yield) starting from methyl gallate and isovanillin with aldehyde 5 and phosphonium salt 8 as key intermediates. Conversion of combretastatin A-3 (2a) to a series of diphosphate prodrugs (10a-1) was readily achieved. Both the diphosphate sodium (10a) and potassium salts (10c) displayed aqueous solubility in excess of 220 mg/ml at room temperature and good cancer cell line inhibitory activity.

Human Physiology - Cell structure and function - EKU

N2 - Limonene and its metabolite perillyl alcohol are naturally-occurring isoprenoids that block the growth of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. This cytostatic effect appears to be due, at least in part, to the fact that these compounds are weak yet selective and non-toxic inhibitors of protein prenylation. Protein-farnesyl transferase (FTase), the enzyme responsible for protein farnesylation, has become a key target for the rational design of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, several α-hydroxyphosphonate derivatives of limonene were designed and synthesized as potentially more potent FTase inhibitors. A noteworthy feature of the synthesis was the use of trimethylsilyl triflate as a mild, neutral deprotection method for the preparation of sensitive phosphonates from the corresponding tert-butyl phosphonate esters. Evaluation of these compounds demonstrates that they are exceptionally poor FTase inhibitors in vitro (IC50≥3mM) and they have no effect on protein farnesylation in cells. In contrast, farnesyl phosphonyl(methyl)phosphinate, a diphosphate-modified derivative of the natural substrate farnesyl diphosphate, is a very potent FTase inhibitor in vitro (K(i)=23nM). Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

The cyotoskeleton represents the cell's skeleton

AB - Limonene and its metabolite perillyl alcohol are naturally-occurring isoprenoids that block the growth of cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. This cytostatic effect appears to be due, at least in part, to the fact that these compounds are weak yet selective and non-toxic inhibitors of protein prenylation. Protein-farnesyl transferase (FTase), the enzyme responsible for protein farnesylation, has become a key target for the rational design of cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Therefore, several α-hydroxyphosphonate derivatives of limonene were designed and synthesized as potentially more potent FTase inhibitors. A noteworthy feature of the synthesis was the use of trimethylsilyl triflate as a mild, neutral deprotection method for the preparation of sensitive phosphonates from the corresponding tert-butyl phosphonate esters. Evaluation of these compounds demonstrates that they are exceptionally poor FTase inhibitors in vitro (IC50≥3mM) and they have no effect on protein farnesylation in cells. In contrast, farnesyl phosphonyl(methyl)phosphinate, a diphosphate-modified derivative of the natural substrate farnesyl diphosphate, is a very potent FTase inhibitor in vitro (K(i)=23nM). Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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