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Translation: Making Protein Synthesis Possible - …

The translator accepts a nucleic acid sequence in the (without name).Both, DNA and RNA sequences are accepted.

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3D animation of translation: RNA to protein

The information required to build resides on the in the form of sequences of , and has the form of triplets of bases called "codons" following the . Once the genetic information describing how to build a is to , it has to be "translated" into the "language" of the protein. The sequence of on the RNA forms a code for the building blocks of the protein. The word "translation" seems particularly appropriate for this process since the information contained in the DNA is translated from the four-character alphabet of the bases to the twenty-character alphabet of the amino acids.

The main stages of protein synthesis are transcription and translation.

There are four different nitrogen bases, adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine. The synthesis of a particular protein such as insulin is determined by the sequence in which these bases are repeated (see fig.

Translation Of Protein Synthesis-Translation of mRNA …

Most enzymes are proteins, but RNA
molecules can be enzymes too.

The ribosome is not only complex, but it is also the most important part of the biological cell, along with the necessary information
needed to make proteins (encoded in DNA or RNA).

After translation, the protein passes into the channels of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (ER) for transportation. The protein is then passed from the rough ER to the Golgi apparatus inside tiny fluid-filled sacs, called vesicles. The Golgi apparatus is a system of , which are responsible for the modification, processing, and packaging of the proteins. The protein may have a carbohydrate added, to form a glycoprotein. The Golgi apparatus packages the protein in a secretory vesicle, which fuses with the cell membrane and releases the protein from the cell.

From RNA to Protein Synthesis - YouTube

It is important to note that the tRNA is reused and collects another specific amino acid. Once the protein has been mRNA may move to another ribosome to make a further protein or it can be broken down into free nucleotides to be reused.

Express yourself through your genes! See if you can generate and collect three types of protein, then move on to explore the factors that affect protein synthesis in a cell.

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  • Protein Synthesis | Rna | Translation (Biology)

    This sequence matches its complimentary codon (triplet of nucleotides) representing an amino acid in the protein-to-be.

  • DNA has the genetic code for the protein that needs to be ..

    This 5'-cap serves to protect the mRNA from enzymes in the cytosol which normally destroy RNA from the 5' end.

  • Protein Synthesis Movie about translation at bottom of webpage

    09/03/2017 · Protein synthesis is accomplished through a process called translation

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Drag-and-Drop Protein Synthesis: Transcription - zeroBio

The entire protein would actually require a much longer sequence of DNA bases.
Whenever a protein needs to be made, the correct DNA sequence for that protein is copied to a molecule called (mRNA).

Protein Synthesis -Translation and Regulation

The process of translation can be divided into the stages of initiation, elongation, and termination. Initiation involves at least three other proteins called initiation factors to help bind the mRNA to the smaller subunit of the two-unit ribosome. It is bound to the correct location using the initiation codon AUG on the mRNA. The next phase is elongation, or adding other amino acids to the building polypeptide chain. According to Karp, a step of elongation can be accomplished in about 1/20 second, so a small protein of 400 units could be assembled in about 20 seconds! It is suggested that most of this time is used sampling the amino-acid-carrying tRNAs in the cytosol to find the ones for which there is a codon-anticodon match for the next codon along the mRNA pattern.

Animated overview of DNA translation ..

From animations showing the details of DNA replication and transcription, to lecture segments that discuss DNA sequencing and PCR, and online interactives showing what sequence information reveals evolutionary relationships, BioInteractive provides a wealth of resources for teaching about DNA.

DNA Replication and Protein Synthesis - PBS

Sixty three nucleotides are required for synthesising the A chain and ninety for the B chain, plus a codon at the end of each chain,signalling the termination of protein synthesis.

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