Biophilia in Practice: Buildings that Connect People …
Kellert, Stephen R. & Wilson, Edward O. (1993). . Washington, D.C : Island Press
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Human preferences toward things in , while refined through experience and culture, are hypothetically the product of biological evolution. For example, adult mammals (especially ) are generally attracted to mammal faces and find them across species. The large eyes and small features of any young mammal face are far more appealing than those of the mature adults. The biophilia hypothesis suggests that the positive emotional response that adult mammals have toward baby mammals across species helps increase the survival rates of all mammals.
The full moon shines brightly through the trees. Rustling noises in the duff of the forest floor remind me of all the little creatures going about their nightly business. If I’m lucky, I can spot the great horned owl whose call I just heard. It’s dark and I’m alone on a trail far from home, but feel at peace and truly at home, the darkness like a soft blanket wrapping around me.
Biologist E. O. Wilson introduced a hypothesis back in 1984 that he called the biophilia hypothesis, which means love of life. He proposed, somewhat based on the works of philosopher Erich Fromm, that humans have an innate connection to nature and other life forms. While some scientists and psychologists refute the biophilia hypothesis, I think it makes quite a bit of sense. A deep connection to nature is in our genetic memory.
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What are your own experiences and relationship with nature? Do you find peace sitting under a tree or would you prefer to view it from a window or in a photograph? Sometimes, on a backcountry hike and especially in the twilight hours, I feel like I’m not alone. Not in a spooky or frightening way, but in a very comforting way. I feel almost as if the trees, the rocks, the soil are all wrapping a reassuring cloak of strength around my shoulders. I reach out my hand and feel a connection. And if I stand very still, and listen, I can hear what they are saying.
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"Biophilia" is the term coined by Edward O
Edward O. Wilson, a biologist, put forth his in 1984 addressing the innate relationship humans share with other living systems, which Harvey said is a relatively new area of science that shows promise.
Canadian author explicitly adapted 's concept of biophilia for her Ecogothic novel, . In the novel, Perdita (meaning "the lost one") is a who brings humankind biophilia as one of the four loves of ancient Greek cosmology. She is an illicit child born to and and is hidden away among the Three Fates where she gathers up the "extra threads of life." Perdita is eventually given to who promises to conceal her among humankind. (Perdita carries the four loves in her bundle of "lost threads.") Along with Prometheus' gift of fire, they are given to humankind: friendship (philia), erotic love (eros), unselfish love (agape), and biophilia, the love between humans and the natural world. In the mythological version, humans seize upon fire and begin to use it‚ but they forget about Perdita and eventually abandon her. The fourth love of biophilia is thus lost to the western tradition, but is rediscovered and rescued in the present.
Wilson (1993) Abstract This article has no associated abstract
A Critical Examination of the Biophilia Hypothesis.
E. O. Wilson - Wikipedia
The Biophilia Hypothesis - ResearchGate
Biophilia - Wikipedia
Biophilia Hypothesis - Dr. Psynso
Wilson to describe what he believes is humanity's innate affinity for the natural world
The Biophilia Hypothesis - Google Libri
The hypothesis has since been developed as part of theories of in the book edited by Stephen R. Kellert and Edward O. Wilson and by . Also, Stephen Kellert's work seeks to determine common human responses to perceptions of, and ideas about, plants and animals, and to explain them in terms of the conditions of human evolution.
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Because of our technological advancements and more time spent inside buildings and cars, it is argued that the lack of biophilic activities and time spent in nature may be strengthening the disconnect of humans from nature. Although, it also has shown strong urges among people to reconnect with nature. The concern for a lack of connection with the rest of nature outside of us, is that a stronger disregard for other plants, animals and less appealing wild areas could lead to further ecosystem degradation and species loss. Therefore reestablishing a connection with nature has become more important in the field of conservation. Examples would be more available green spaces in and around cities, more classes that revolve around nature and implementing smart design for greener cities that integrate ecosystems into them such as [biophilic cities]. These Cities can also become part of wildlife corridors to help with migrational and territorial needs of other animals.
Biophilia hypothesis | Wiki | Everipedia
Similarly, the hypothesis helps explain why ordinary people care for and sometimes risk their lives to save domestic and wild , and keep and in and around their homes. In other words, our natural love for life helps sustain life.
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The term "biophilia" literally means "love of life or living systems." It was first used by to describe a of being attracted to all that is alive and vital. Wilson uses the term in the same sense when he suggests that biophilia describes "the connections that human beings subconsciously seek with the rest of life.” He proposed the possibility that the deep affiliations humans have with other life forms and nature as a whole are rooted in our biology. Unlike , which are the aversions and fears that people have of things in the natural world, are the attractions and positive feelings that people have toward organisms, species, habitats, processes and objects in their natural surroundings. Although named by Fromm, the concept of biophillia has been proposed and defined many times over. Aristotle was one of many to put forward a concept that could be summarized as "love of life". Diving into the term , or friendship, Aristotle evokes the idea of reciprocity and how friendships are beneficial to both parties in more than just one way, but especially in the way of happiness.
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