Ultrafast infrared spectroscopy in photosynthesis

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Extending the infrared limit of oxygenic photosynthesis …

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Infrared photosynthesis | Deskarati

For centuries, scientists and laymen alike have known that plants are dependent upon sunlight for photosynthesis. Only now have researchers discovered how integral light is to the health of humans. We are nourished by the sun just as we are nourished by food. Energy from the sun controls vital processes in humans. Inadequate sunlight can be detrimental to our health and well-being. Luckily, there is a huge body of research by physicians and scientists on the therapeutic benefits of specific wavelengths of the sun, such as far-infrared. Infrared saunas contain the far-infrared light that is felt as heat and are the most popular and available sources of far-infrared heat.

pilihan 2 | Photosynthesis | Infrared

Caption: Normal color photo (top) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) image. NDVI image was derived from two color channels in a single photo taken with a camera modified with a special infrared filter. Note that tree trunks, brown grass, and rocks have very low NDVI values because they are not photosynthetic. Healthy plants typically have NDVI values between 0.1 and 0.9. Images by Chris Fastie. Visit the

Photosynthesis | Definition of Photosynthesis by …

the higher the rate of photosynthesis the greater the amount of infrared radiation.

To determine the density of green on a patch of land, researchersmust observe the distinct colors (wavelengths) of visible andnear-infrared sunlight reflected by the plants. As can be seen througha prism, many different wavelengths make up the spectrum of sunlight. When sunlight strikes objects, certain wavelengths of this spectrum areabsorbed and other wavelengths are reflected. The pigment in plantleaves, chlorophyll, strongly absorbs visible light (from 0.4 to 0.7 µm)for use in photosynthesis. The cell structure of the leaves, on theother hand, strongly reflects near-infrared light (from 0.7 to 1.1 µm). The more leaves a plant has, the more these wavelengths of light areaffected, respectively.

Post-processing: Once you take a multi-spectral photograph with a modified camera, you must post-process it, compositing the infrared and visible data to generate a new image which (if it works) displays healthy, photosynthetically active areas as bright regions.

What are Far Infrared Rays -FIR - Get Fitt Ltd

Drones and satellites provide infrared and thermal imagery that measure the photosynthesis rates of crops.

Above is an example of what one of our "Infragram" cameras sees (left, using an older blue filter) and the post-processing analysis which shows photosynthetic activity, or plant health (right). This picture was taken from a commercial airplane flight.

The study of Earth's environment from space got its start in 1972 when the first Landsat satellite was launched. The multispectral scanner it carried, like the scanners on all subsequent Landsat satellites, recorded images with both visible and near infrared light. Remote sensing scientists quickly learned that by combining visible and infrared data, they could reveal critical information about the health of vegetation. For example, the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) highlights the difference between the red and infrared wavelengths that are reflected from vegetation. Because red light is used by plants for photosynthesis but infrared light is not, NDVI allows scientists to estimate the amount of healthy foliage in every satellite image. Thousands of scientists, including landscape ecologists, global change biologists, and habitat specialists have relied on these valuable satellite-based NDVI images for decades.

24-3-2014 · Near-Infrared-Light-Driven Artificial Photosynthesis by Nanobiocatalytic ..
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"Life does seem to find a way," said Cardenas. "We look forward to further studying infrared photosynthesis and its implications for life in less conventionally terrestrial habitats."

Can plants perform photosynthesis using non visible …

For now, infrared photosynthesis as a sole or complementary means of energy production by extraterrestrial microbes around alien looks like a long shot; the use of minerals, as practiced with great success in our oceanic abysses, makes more sense. Then again, no one had expected to find an abundance of life teeming around black smokers when they were discovered in 1977.

Can plants perform photosynthesis using non visible ..

Blankenship is a bit more skeptical. He pointed out that the water around hydrothermal vents would probably absorb much of the infrared light available, leaving only a very narrow patch of real estate for photosynthetic creatures to occupy, and one that would put them perilously close to the superheated water itself. []

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Indeed, for subterranean or submerged alien life to draw enough energy through infrared photosynthesis might require fundamentally different means, or at the very least a significant expansion of the wavelengths known to be usable.

NASA | Seeing Photosynthesis from Space - YouTube

Overall, the calculated photosynthesis rates for infrared light-harvesting creatures were not very high, meaning that relatively little usable energy was extractable from the hydrothermal vent's emissions.

Why the rate of Photosynthesis is higher in red light …

The new findings suggest that photosynthetic life as we know it would struggle to flourish given the small amount of available light in hydrothermal vent environments. But organisms that could make use of lower-energy infrared light might find themselves with plenty to get by on in sunless circumstances.

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