﻿ Below is a definition of the null hypothesis.

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## Below is a definition of the null hypothesis

NOTE: The null hypothesis is NOT the opposite of the research hypothesis

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# The concept of Null Hypothesis is a key concept of statistics

The null hypothesis is essentially the "devil's advocate" position. That is, it assumes that whatever you are trying to prove did not happen (hint: it usually states that something equals zero). For example, the two different teaching methods did not result in different exam performances (i.e., zero difference). Another example might be that there is no relationship between anxiety and athletic performance (i.e., the slope is zero). The alternative hypothesis states the opposite and is usually the hypothesis you are trying to prove (e.g., the two different teaching methods did result in different exam performances). Initially, you can state these hypotheses in more general terms (e.g., using terms like "effect", "relationship", etc.), as shown below for the teaching methods example:

The null hypothesis is usually an hypothesis of "no difference" e.g. no difference between blood pressures in group A and group B. Define a null hypothesis for each study question clearly before the start of your study.

## This hypothesis is the opposite of Null hypothesis ..

Depending on how you want to "summarize" the exam performances will determine how you might want to write a more specific null and alternative hypothesis. For example, you could compare the mean exam performance of each group (i.e., the "seminar" group and the "lectures-only" group). This is what we will demonstrate here, but other options include comparing the distributions, medians, amongst other things. As such, we can state:

Now that you have identified the null and alternative hypotheses, you need to find evidence and develop a strategy for declaring your "support" for either the null or alternative hypothesis. We can do this using some statistical theory and some arbitrary cut-off points. Both these issues are dealt with next.

## Null | definition of null by Medical dictionary

At this point, a word about error. Type I error is the false rejection of the null hypothesis and type II error is the false acceptance of the null hypothesis. As an aid memoir: think that our cynical society rejects before it accepts.

The null hypothesis can be thought of as the opposite of the "guess" the research made (in this example the biologist thinks the plant height will be different for the fertilizers). So the null would be that there will be no difference among the groups of plants. Specifically in more statistical language the null for an ANOVA is that the means are the same. We state the Null hypothesis as:

• ### Learn About Null Hypothesis and Alternative Hypothesis

Opposite of hypothesis

• ### What is a Null Hypothesis? - Definition & Examples - …

The null hypothesis, H 0 is the commonly accepted fact; it is the opposite of the alternate hypothesis

• ### So, if we continue with the above example, ..

Null Hypothesis

## ACA chapter 4: Intro to Hypothesis Testing

If the Fcalculated from the data is larger than the Fα, then you are in the Rejection region and you can reject the Null Hypothesis with (1-α) level of confidence.

## (or a difference opposite to ..

Not so long ago, people believed that the world was flat.

Null hypothesis, H0: The world is flat.
Alternate hypothesis: The world is round.
Several scientists, including , set out to disprove the null hypothesis. This eventually led to the rejection of the null and the acceptance of the alternate. Most people accepted it — the ones that didn’t created the !. What would have happened if Copernicus had not disproved the it and merely proved the alternate? No one would have listened to him. In order to change people’s thinking, he first had to prove that their thinking was wrong.

## What is null hypothesis in statistics? - Quora

If our statistical analysis shows that the significance level is below the cut-off value we have set (e.g., either 0.05 or 0.01), we reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis. Alternatively, if the significance level is above the cut-off value, we fail to reject the null hypothesis and cannot accept the alternative hypothesis. You should note that you cannot accept the null hypothesis, but only find evidence against it.

## What is null hypothesis in statistics

When considering whether we reject the null hypothesis and accept the alternative hypothesis, we need to consider the direction of the alternative hypothesis statement. For example, the alternative hypothesis that was stated earlier is:

## Hypothesis Testing The null and alternative ..

The short answer is, as a scientist, you are required to; It’s part of the scientific process. Science uses a battery of processes to prove or disprove theories, making sure than any new hypothesis has no flaws. Including both a null and an alternate hypothesis is one safeguard to ensure your research isn’t flawed. Not including the null hypothesis in your research is considered very bad practice by the scientific community. If you set out to prove an alternate hypothesis without considering it, you are likely setting yourself up for failure. At a minimum, your experiment will likely not be taken seriously.

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