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The equation for photosynthesis of plant cells is:

Although respiration can take place in a plant cell, respiration usually occurs the most in an animal cell because animals need to take in organic molecules and obtain energy in order to sustain their homeostasis.

Animal cells are not capable of carrying out photosynthesis because they lack
, specialized organelles found only in plant cells in which a pigment known as chlorophyll captures light energy from the Sun.

Plants and animals obtain energy from different sources.

23/04/2014 · Home > IGCSE > Biology > Plant cells and photosynthesis ..

The process of
cellular respiration
occurs mainly in the mitochondria of cells.


the breakdown of glucose, occurs in the cytosol.

Krebs cycle
occurs within the mitochondrial matrix, and
oxidative phosphorylation
occurs in the inner mitochondrial membrane.
Photosynthesis can
occur in
plants cells

Specialized organelles,
are required by the cell to carry out photosynthesis

However, animals cells do not have these chloroplasts to perform photosynthesis.

Plant Cells Photosynthesis Lesson Plans & Worksheets

All of the sugar produced in the photosynthetic cells of plants and other organisms is derived from the initial chemical combining of carbon dioxide and water with sunlight.

Epidermis cells: the dermal tissue of cells of non-woody plants, usually consisting of a single layer of tightly packed cells
Mesophyll cells:
a loosely arranged photosynthetic cell located between the bundle sheath and leaf surface

Vascular tissue:
plant tissue consisting of cells joined into tubes that transport water and nutrients throughout the plant body
Chloroplast: an organelle found only in plants that absorbs sunlight and uses it to drive the synthesis of organic compounds from carbon dioxide and water.
Chlorophyll: a green pigment located within the chloroplasts of plants.
interconnected membranous sacs that segregates the stroma from thylakoid space.

Granum (Grana)
: stacks of thylakoids
Thylakoid membrane:
a flattened membrane sac inside the chloroplast, used to convert light energy to chemical energy
Thylakoid lumen:
thylakoid space; interior of the thylakoid where the proton pumps brings the ions to.
the fluid of the chloroplast surrounding the thylakoid membrane; involve in the synthesis of organic molecules from carbon dioxide and water.
Inside each Chloroplast there are Thylakoids:
Comparison between Light Reactions and the Dark Reactions of Photosynthesis:
Light Reaction:

Occurs on the thylakoid membrane
convert light energy to the chemical energy of ATP and NADPH
Split H20 and release O2 to the atmosphere
Requires water (H20) and solar energy
End products: ATP, NADPH, Oxygen

Dark Reaction (Calvin):

Occurs in the stroma
Use ATP and NADPH to convert CO2 to the sugar G3P
Return ADP and NADP+ to the light reactions
Requires carbon dioxide (C02), ATP, NADPH
End products: NADP+, ADP, G3P (sugar)

What is ATP?

Find plant cells photosynthesis lesson plans and ..

Kingdom Animalia - Cellular respiration

Kingdom Plantae Photosynthesis and cellular respiration

Kingdom Monera (bacteria) - Photosynthesis (cyanobacteria) and cellular respiration

Kingdom Protista - Photosynthesis (certain types) and cellular respiration

Kingdom Fungi - Cellular respiration
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  • NOVA - Official Website | Illuminating Photosynthesis

    01/01/2011 · Illuminating Photosynthesis

  • This tutorial introduces photosynthesis

    Other sections include animal systems, cells, vertebrates, and invertebrates.

  • LabBench Activity Plant Pigments and Photosynthesis

    by Theresa Knapp Holtzclaw

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