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Protein synthesis is the process in which cells build proteins

Difference between Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis

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Protein Synthesis Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic ..

The most important feature of the eukaryotic cell is the nucleus — the membrane-surrounded compartment that houses the DNA that’s divided into one or more chromosomes. The nucleus protects the DNA from damage during day-to-day living. Eukaryotic chromosomes are usually long, string-like segments of DNA instead of the hoop-shaped ones found in prokaryotes. Another hallmark of eukaryotes is the way the DNA is packaged: Eukaryotes usually have much larger amounts of DNA than prokaryotes, so to fit all that DNA into the tiny cell nucleus, it must be tightly wound around special proteins.

Protein Synthesis: Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes - YouTube

Essentially a part of all the plants, animals, fungi, algae, and protozoans, these diploid cells are 5 micrometers or more in diameter, and characterized by the presence of a nucleus, which is absent in the prokaryotic organisms.

16/03/2012 · Protein Synthesis: Prokaryotes vs

Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic transcription ..

Eukaryotic cells
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Where does protein synthesis take place?
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Eukaryotic cells:
-Animal cells
-Protists (Amoeba, Euglena)
Prokaryotic cells:
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The exterior of a prokaryotic cell is encapsulated by a cell wall that serves as the bacteria’s only protection from the outside world. A plasma membrane (membranes are thin sheets or layers) regulates the exchange of nutrients, water, and gases that nourish the bacterial cell. DNA, usually in the form of a single hoop-shaped piece (segments of DNA like this one are called chromosomes), floats around inside the cell. The liquid interior of the cell is called the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm provides a cushiony, watery home for the DNA and other cell machinery that carries out the business of living. Prokaryotes divide, and thus reproduce, by simple mitosis.

Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic Protein Synthesis - Biology 4 U

How do prokaryotes and eukaryotes differ in protein synthesis

The initiator proteins, single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSB), primase, DNA helicase, and DNA ligase are present in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Enzymes specific to prokaryotes:

Enzymes specific to eukaryotes:

In addition, eukaryotes contain DNA polymerase γ, which is involved in mitochondrial DNA replication.

Translation is one stage of protein synthesis in which messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) acts as a template for the synthesis of a polypeptide chain; it consists of four phases: initiation, elongation, termination and ribosome recycling. Initiation of protein synthesis, entailing ribosomal recognition of the mRNA start codon and the setting of the correct reading frame, is the rate‐limiting step of translation and the main target of translation regulation in all cells. However, the mechanism and molecular machinery for initiation have diverged in the primary domains of life: the Bacteria, the Archaea and the Eukarya (eukaryotes). In bacteria, translation initiation is relatively simple, whereas in eukaryotes, it is complex and requires more components. In archaea, despite their prokaryotic phenotype, the machinery for protein synthesis initiation is much more elaborated than in bacteria and presents intriguing similarities with the corresponding eukaryotic process. The features of translational initiation in archaea, bacteria and eukaryotes are reviewed, highlighting the divergent and common aspects of this important cellular process in the three domains of life.

Biology Cell Structure and Function Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic
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    Translation is the process of protein synthesis in the cells

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