Red Queen hypothesis - Wikipedia
Red Queen - Wikipedia
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Originally proposed by (1973), the metaphor ofan has beenfound appropriate for the descriptions of biological processes withdynamics similar to . He proposed the Red Queen's Hypothesis as an explanatory to his proposed Lawof Extinction (also 1973) which he derived from observation ofconstant probabilities of within families of organismsacross . Put differently, Van Valenfound that the ability of a family of organisms to survive does notimprove over time, and that the probability of extinction for anygiven family is random. The Red Queen's Hypothesis as formulated byVan Valen provides a conceptual underpinning to discussions ofevolutionary arms races, even though a direct of the hypothesisremains elusive, particularly at the macroevolutionary level. Thisconcept remains similar to that of a system obeying a
Discussions of sex and were not part of Van Valen'sRed Queen's Hypothesis, which addressed evolution at scales abovethe species level. The microevolutionary version of the Red Queen'sHypothesis was proposed by Bell (1982), also citing Lewis Carroll,but not citing Van Valen. See below.
What is the Red Queen's Hypothesis? | Evolutionary …
Science writer popularized the term "the red queen" in connection with in his book . In the book, Ridley discussed the debate intheoretical biology over the adaptive benefit of to those species in which it appears. Theconnection of the Red Queen to this debate arises from the factthat the traditionally accepted theory () only showed adaptive benefit at the level of thespecies or group, not at the level of the (although, it must be added here that theprotean 'Vicar of Bray' adaptation is very useful to some speciesthat belong to the lower levels of the food chain). By contrast, aRed-Queen-type theory that organisms are running cyclicarms races with their can explain the utility of sexualreproduction at the level of the gene by positing that the role ofsex is to preserve genes that are currently disadvantageous, butthat will become advantageous against the background of a likelyfuture population of parasites.
The Red Queen's Hypothesis, RedQueen, "Red Queen's race" or "RedQueen Effect" is an . The term is taken from the in 's . The said,"It takes all the running you can do, to keep in the same place."The Red Queen Principle can be stated thus:
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As they have struggled to explain the existence of sexual reproduction in nature, evolutionists have suggested four different (and sometimes contradictory) theories, known in the literature as: (1) the Lottery Principle; (2) the Tangled Bank Hypothesis; (3) the Red Queen Hypothesis; and (4) the DNA Repair Hypothesis. We would like to discuss each briefly.
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The Red Queen is the name of an evolutionary theory of Leigh Van Valen and, later, a book by Matt Ridley
Red Queen (Through the Looking-Glass) - Wikipedia
"Red Queen" may also be a reference to the evolutionary hypothesis of the same ..
Queen Bansheera | RangerWiki | FANDOM powered by …
Red Queen Wikia is a comprehensive database focusing on Victoria Aveyard's Red Queen series.
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