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A HMM-based Mandarin Chinese Singing Voice Synthesis System[J].

Tokuda, "Recent development of the HMM-based singing voice synthesis system-Sinsy," in Proc.

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An HMM-based singing voice synthesis system.

Voice synthesis is, to varying degrees, based on a model of the voice informed by phonetics and voice acoustics. Time-to-frequency transformation (Fourier analysis), sound spectrum analysis, formants, and the source-resonance principle (larynx - vocal tract) are among its basic concepts. Musical instruments functioned as models, objects and inspiration for the science of acoustics; and with respect to the voice, the organ seems to be a privileged metaphor. What attitude(s) towards voice and sound do the existing voice synthesis models and the underlying concepts imply? How is this related to conceptions of sound, music, voice, body, gender and nature?

Tokuda,


We have worked on the synthesis of the singing voice for many years now mostly together with Yamaha Corp., part of our results having being incorporated into the Vocaloid software synthesizer.

Pitch adaptive training for HMM-based singing voice synthesis.

Singing voice synthesis: history, current work, and future directions.

Synthetic speech is part of modern everyday life. Artificial voices do not only occur in multifaceted technological uses, but they also feed back into researching the natural human voice. Moreover, artists, musicians and composers find a source of inspiration in the artificial sound of such voices. The symposium inquires both the richness of the human voice and the limits and surplus of its theoretical modelling and mechanical and digital imitation. We are specifically interested in modelling and synthesizing so-called "extended vocal techniques" - all sounds the human voice can produce, that exceed conventional singing and speaking. The symposium covers the history of the artificial voice, extended vocal techniques, aspects of theoretical modelling and technical realization, and the role of the artificial voice in contemporary music. Academics, scientists and artists come together to exchange ideas and insights in three days of presentations, meetings, workshops and a concert. With a group of international experts we place the artificial voice in a broad perspective of historical, technical, socio-cultural, artistic and musical investigation.

A singer or a speaker is digitally recorded,in order to storethe whole set of phonemes (or groups of phonemes).Then these samples are connected in sequence to rebuild the voice. Complexalgorithms are used to alter the recorded phonemes and make themfollowthe vocal intonation (prosody).

A corpus-based concatenative mandarin singing voice synthesis system.

Synthesis of the singing voice by performance sampling and spectral models.

We have proposed a HMM-based mandarin Chinese singing voicesynthesis system. A mandarin Chinese singing voice corpus wasrecorded and musical contextual features were well designed fortraining. We solve the data sparse problem and handle the situationof melisma at the same time inside the HMM-based framework. Discretecosine transform (DCT) F0 model is also apllied,and two levelstatistical models are integrated for generation to overcomeover-smoothing of generated F0 contour. Objective and subjectiveevaluations showed that our system can generate a natural and "intune" F0 contour. Furthermore,the method integrating two levelstatistical models successfully made singing voice more expressive.

shows the synthesized F0 contour of a melisma,a singlesyllable $a$ ranging over three different notes (MIDI NOTEs: 62,60,59). The solid line indicates the F0 contour of musical score,andthe broken lines indicate the F0 contour generated by the proposedmethod and baseline method. Both two proposed methods generatedbetter F0 contours than the baseline method. F0 value was convertedto MIDI note by (20).

Voice Processing and Synthesis by Performance Sampling and Spectral Models [Ph.
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  • Mandarin singing voice synthesis using an HNM based scheme.

    Tokuda, "Integration of speaker and pitch adaptive training for HMM-based singing voice synthesis," in Proc.

  • TEDxPH - Rocaloid the Free Singing Voice Synthesizer …

    A mandarin Chinese singing voice corpus is recorded and musical contextual features are well designed for training.

  • Patent US6304846 - Singing voice synthesis - Google …

    HMM-based singing voice synthesis system using pitch-shifted pseudo training data.

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An HMM-based singing voice synthesis system (PDF …

What are the limitations of the existing voice synthesis models and techniques? And what do these limitations reveal of the complexity and diversity of real, embodied human voices? Is it possible to synthesize "the grain of the voice" (R. Barthes)?

A Lyrics to Singing Voice Synthesis System with …

What alternative models have been conceived of the voice and its artificial synthesis? What alternative models could we think of? If temporal acuity is central in auditory processing (Oppenheim & Magnasco 2013), and the ear does not (only) perform spectral analysis, what are the consequences for the prevalent models of the voice in which vocal spectra (with formants) are of primary importance?

singing voice synthesizer free download - SourceForge

In addition,the SoftVoice formant synthesis algorithm, being continuous and splice free,does not suffer from such artifacts as glitches, gurgling, false consonants,chorusing, etc.

singing voice synthesizer free download

Licensing of theSoftVoice TTS engine can be done in a number of ways, including (but notlimited to):
- A per-unit royalty with large-volume discounts, or
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- A single, one-time fee.

For information on licensing the SoftVoice TTS engine - or for generalquestions - please contact us at: for details. Here is a small sample of the fun you can have with the SoftVoicetext-to-speech system. With ,and over that can beinserted into your text, the possibilities are limitless.

Sinsy is an HMM-based singing voice synthesis system

Special Session at INTERSPEECH 2007, Antwerp, Belgium
Tuesday, August 28, 2007, 13.30 - 15.30
Astrid Plaza Hotel, Scala 1

Organized by Gerrit Bloothooft, Utrecht University, The Netherlands

Singing is perhaps the most expressive usage of human voice and speech. An excellent singer, whether in classical opera, musical, pop, folk music, or any other style, can express a message and emotion so intensely that it moves and delights a wide audience. Synthesizing singing may be considered therefore as the ultimate challenge to our understanding and modeling of human voice. In this two hours interactive special session of INTERSPEECH 2007 on synthesized singing, an enjoyable demonstration of the current state of the art has been given, with active evaluation by the audience.

The session was special in many ways:

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