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Chem.\Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis\Annu.

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Lett.\Inorganic Synthesis\Inorg.

Later in 1949 came: the BINAC, built by the creators of the ENIAC, Eckert and Mauchly, at their Electronic Control Company, Philadelphia (opinions differ as to whether the BINAC ever actually worked); the CSIR Mark 1, built by Trevor Pearcey at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Division of Radiophysics, Sydney, Australia; and Whirlwind I, built by Jay Forrester at the Digital Computer Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Sci.\Israel Journal of Medical Sciences\Isr.

Synthetic Communications is an international journal for rapid communication of synthetic organic chemistry. This journal presents communications describing new methods, reagents, and technology pertaining to synthetic organic chemistry with sufficient experimental detail to permit reactions and sequences to be repeated by a chemist reasonably skilled in the art.

Educ.\Journal of Chemical Information and Computer Sciences\J.

Soc.\Journal of Chromatographic Science\J.

Synthesis is a journal of international character devoted to the advancement of the science of synthetic chemistry, covering all fields of organic chemistry, such as organometallic, medicinal, biological, and photochemistry, but also related disciplines. It presents dependable research results with detailed and reliable experimental procedures and full characterization of all important new products.

All of the articles in this journal are indexed in SCI, SCOPUS, and KCI. Publication of Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (ISO abbreviation: Bull. Korean Chem. Soc.) is partially supported by the Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies Grant funded by the Korean Government.

Technol.Journal of Macromolecular Science.

Chem.\Journal of Materials Science\J.

In 'Proposed Electronic Calculator' Turing had emphasized that work on writing programs (i.e. 'instruction tables') should 'start almost immediately', since the 'earlier stages of the making of instruction tables will have serious repercussions on the design' of the ACE. Moreover, this policy would, he said, 'avoid some of the delay between the delivery of the machine and the production of results'. Turing made this point again in a letter to Darwin: 'A large body of programming must be completed beforehand, if any serious work is to be done on the machine when it is made'.' So it was that during 1946 Turing and Wilkinson, joined later by Woodger, pioneered the science of computer programming. An end-of-year report summarized their achievements:

The name 'Automatic Computing Engine' was due to Womersley, the administrative head of the ACE project, and the story of the ACE begins with his appointment as Superintendent of the newly created Mathematics Division of the National Physical Laboratory. Womersley's proposed research programme for his new Division included the items 'To explore the application of switching methods (mechanical, electrical and electronic) to computations of all kinds', 'Investigation of the possible adaptation of automatic telephone equipment to scientific computing', and 'Development of electronic counting device suitable for rapid computing'.

Neurooncol.\Journal of Neuroscience Methods\J.
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  • Anal.\Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences\J.

    To browse substances from the journal Synthetic Communications please use the following links:Pages:

  • Chem.\Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research\J.

    Biosci.\Computers and Mathematics with Applications\Computers Mathematics Appl.\Contemporary Organic Synthesis\Contemp.

  • Res.\Journal of the Scientific Society of Thailand\J.

    React.\Organic Syntheses\Org.

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The AI program 'delivered on Johnniac' (a Californian copy of von Neumann's computer at the Institute for Advanced Study) was the Logic Theorist, written by Allen Newell, Herbert Simon, and Cliff Shaw and demonstrated at a conference, the Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, held at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire. The Logic Theorist was designed to prove theorems from Whitehead and Russell's . In one case the proof devised by the Logic Theorist was several lines shorter than the one given by Whitehead and Russell; Newell, Simon, and Shaw wrote up the proof and sent it to the . This was almost certainly the first paper to have a computer listed as a co-author, but unfortunately it was rejected.

Synthesis (journal) - Wikipedia

For additional information concerning the Manchester computer project, and Turing's contributions to it, see Copeland, B. J. 'The Manchester Computer: A Revised History. Part I The Memory' and 'The Manchester Computer: A Revised History. Part II The Baby Machine', IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, vol. 33 (2011), pp. 4-21 and 22-37. The research reported in these papers and throughout the present article spanned many years, and Copeland is indebted to numerous pioneers and historians of the computer for information and discussion (some of whom are sadly no longer alive): Art Burks, Alice Burks, George Davis, Dai Edwards, Tom Flowers, Jack Good, Peter Hilton, Harry Huskey, Hilary Kahn, Tom Kilburn, Simon Lavington, Donald Michie (who provided inspiration, hospitality, and eye-opening discussion at his homes in Oxford in 1995 and Palm Desert in 1998), Brian Napper, Tommy Thomas, Geoff Tootill, Robin Vowels, and Mike Woodger; and also to Jon Agar for initiation into the National Archive for the History of Computing at the University of Manchester in 1995. Also to several Manchester historians for information, and for their comments on the view presented here of Newman's role in the Manchester project, in particular: Chris Burton (Director of the Manchester Baby Rebuild Project, for his comments during the Q&A part of Copeland's 19 May 2000 lecture at the National Physical Laboratory, London, on the early history of British electronic computing); Brian Napper (for extensive correspondence and for his comments at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence in Whitehall, London, during the Q&A part of Copeland's 2001 lecture on Colossus and the origins of the Manchester computer); and Hilary Kahn (for her comments during the Q&A part of Copeland's 2004 lecture at the University of Manchester on Bletchley Park and the Manchester computer). (Copeland's research on this topic has been presented in numerous other public lectures, including at Bletchley Park (2001, 2002, 2004, 2007), Portsmouth University (2002), the Royal Institution of London (2004), GCHQ - Government Communications Headquarters (2004), and the Science Museum, London (2004).)

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