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synthesis of pyrimidines and purines follows two different pathways.

The major source of carbon units for nucleic acid synthesis comes from serine.

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Synthesis of Pyrimidines as Potential Tuberculosis Drugs.

Degradation in humans, however, is only complete for pyrimidines (C, T, U), but not purines (G, A), which are excreted from the body in form of (C00366).

Pyrimidines are the compounds produced through the process of organic synthesis.

An efficient regioselective approach to the synthesis of tetrasubstituted pyrimidines was developed by sequential functionalization of easily available Biginelli 3,4-dihydropyrimidine-2(1H)-ones via dehydrogenation, chlorination followed by palladium catalyzed C-C Suzuki/Sonogashira coupling reaction. All the synthesized compounds were evaluated in vitro for their antifungal activities against Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans, Benjaminiella poitrasii, Yarrowia lipolytica, and Fusarium oxysporum, and antibacterial activities against Gram-negative Escherichia coli and Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus.

Synthesis of pyrimidines - Organic chemistry

Adenine and guanine are the purines which participate in DNA synthesis through high-energy bonding.

Pyrimidines are synthesized first from aspartate and carbamoyl-phosphate in the cytoplasm to the common precursor ring structure (C00295), onto which a phosphorylated ribosyl unit is covalently linked.

The synthesis of the pyrimidines CTP and UTP occurs in the cytoplasm and starts from the condensation of aspartate with carbamoyl-phosphate to form orotic acid.

Synthesis of Pyrimidine - ChemTube3D

The deoxyuracylmonophosphate is first formed by dephosphorylation from dUTP by  (EC

A novel approach to the synthesis of fully substituted pyrimidine derivatives armed with an oxy-functionalized acetate chain at the ring is described. The manifold uses amidines as the nitrogen source and activated skipped diynes as the electrophilic reactive partners in a coupled domino strategy. In the first domino reaction, two consecutive aza-Michael additions assemble the six-membered ring heterocycle, while in the second domino process, a [H]-shift and a [3,3]-sigmatropic rearrangement lead to the aromatization of the product.

We describe a single-step conversion of various -vinyl and -aryl amides to the corresponding pyrimidine and quinazoline derivatives, respectively. The process involves amide activation with 2-chloropyridine and trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride followed by nitrile addition into the reactive intermediate and cycloisomerization. In situ nitrile generation from primary amides allows for their use as nitrile surrogates. The use of this chemistry with sensitive -vinyl amides and epimerizable substrates in addition to a wide range of functional groups is noteworthy.

14-Step Synthesis of (+)-Ingenol from (+)-3-Carene, Science 2013, 341, 878-882.
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  • Purines and Pyrimidines - Duration: ..

    One of the methods through which pyrimidines can be synthesized artificially is the Biginelli reaction.

  • Purine and Pyrimidine Metabolism Topics Overview ..

    Purines and pyrimidines participate in the growth of RNA and DNA through a process called transcription or .

  • Nucleotide Metabolism – Purines and Pyrimidines

    T1 - Synthesis of trifluoromethylamino-substituted pyridines and pyrimidines by oxidative desulfurization-fluorination

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Purine and Pyrimidine Structures

Instead of uric acid secretion, guanine and IMP can be used for recycling purposes and nucleic acid synthesis in the presence of PRPP and aspartate (NH3 donor).

Single-Step Synthesis of Pyrimidine Derivatives - …

Herein we discuss the synthesis of 6-aryl-4-substituted benzylpyrimidines (Figure 1, compound 2) and antimycobacterial activity of these compounds found to date.

Single-Step Synthesis of Pyrimidine Derivatives

Since alcohols are accessible from indigestible biomass (lignocellulose), the development of novel preferentially catalytic reactions in which alcohols are converted into important classes of fine chemicals is a central topic of sustainable synthesis. Multicomponent reactions are especially attractive in organic chemistry as they allow the synthesis of large libraries of diversely functionalized products in a short time when run in a combinatorial fashion. Herein, we report a novel, regioselective, iridium-catalyzed multicomponent synthesis of pyrimidines from amidines and up to three (different) alcohols. This reaction proceeds via a sequence of condensation and dehydrogenation steps which give rise to selective C–C and C–N bond formations. While the condensation steps deoxygenate the alcohol components, the dehydrogenations lead to aromatization. Two equiv of hydrogen and water are liberated in the course of the reactions. PN5P–Ir–pincer complexes, recently developed in our laboratory, catalyze this sustainable multicomponent process most efficiently. A total of 38 different pyrimidines were synthesized in isolated yields of up to 93%. Strong points of the new protocol are its regioselectivity and thus the immediate access to pyrimidines that are highly and unsymmetrically decorated with alkyl or aryl substituents. The combination of this novel protocol with established methods for converting alcohols to nitriles now allows to selectively assemble pyrimidines from four alcohol building blocks and 2 equiv of ammonia.

Synthesis of pyrimidines by direct condensation of amides and ..

While pyrimidine rings can be degraded completely to CO2 and NH3 (urea excretion), purine rings are degraded to the metabolically inert (C00366).

Single-Step Synthesis of Pyrimidine Derivatives.

A highly efficient synthesis of 3-formyl imidazo[1,2-]pyridine and imidazo[1,2-]pyrimidine, under Cu-catalyzed aerobic oxidative conditions and by utilizing ethyl tertiary amines as carbon sources, is disclosed. A novel activation mode of ethyl tertiary amines in which simultaneous selective cleavage of C–C bond and C–N bond of ethyl group with molecular oxygen as terminal oxidant in this one-pot protocol is reported for the first time. This reaction features broad substrate scope, good functional group tolerance, as well as diversified and valuable products.

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