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Giant-impact hypothesis - Wikipedia

(ii) Formulation of a general hypothesis to explain the phenomena

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Facial feedback hypothesis - Wikipedia

For Karl Popper, theory was profoundly important in science; a theory encompasses the preconceptions by which the world is viewed, and defines what we choose to study, and how we study it and understand it. He recognised that theories are not discarded lightly, and a theory might be retained long after it has been shown to be inconsistent with known facts (). However, the recognition of anomalies drives scientists to adjust the theory, and if the anomalies continue to accumulate, will drive them to develop alternative theories. Popper proposed that a theory should be judged by the extent to which it inspires testable hypotheses. While theories always contain many elements that are not falsifiable, Popper argued that these should be as few as possible. However, scientists also seek theories that are "elegant"; a theory should yield clear, simple explanations of complex phenomena, that are intellectually satisfying in being logically coherent, rich in content, and involving no miracles or other supernatural devices.

Alexithymia | Psychology Wiki | FANDOM powered by …

The philosopher (1902-1994), in argued that the 'Baconian' process of induction — of gathering facts, considering them, and inferring general laws — is logically unsound, as many mutually inconsistent hypotheses might be consistent with any given facts. Rather, Popper argued that the good scientist begins with a bold speculation, a hypothesis, from which he logically deduces predictions that can be tested by experiments. Experiments are not designed to confirm or verify the hypothesis, quite the contrary, they are designed to the hypothesis, by attempting to disprove it. He argued that this 'hypothetico-deductive' method was the only sound way by which science makes progress, and concluded that for a proposition to be considered scientific, it must, at least in principle, be possible to make an observation that would show it to be false. Otherwise, the proposition has, as Popper put it, no connection with the real world.

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gas laws - Understanding Avogrado's hypothesis - …

We could then apply this learning to inform and test other hypotheses by constructing more sophisticated experiments, and tuning, evolving or abandoning any hypothesis as we made further observations from the results we achieved.

While in many respects, Popper seemed to be making flat assertions about 'good science', Kuhn attempted to work as a sociologist, and to report what scientists actually did. At least initially in his career, he believed in some form of scientific progress.

Understanding Avogrado's hypothesis

Scientific method - encyclopedia article - Citizendium

Can anyone explain how the test could be performed before the story is coded/pushed to production? We will know when we have succeeded when something is measured…and if we were false in the hypothesis, then the work was a waste. Since this is a story card it is driving the creation of code. Please explain if I am missing something? Thank you!

Hi JohnPat. Hypothesis testing can be performed at any stage of the development process. For instance, a highly recommended using qualitative approaches such as customer development, user testing and interviews before a line of code is even considered.

Scientists use a scientific method to investigate phenomena and acquire ..
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  • How to implement Hypothesis-Driven Development - …

    Ancient astronauts - Wikipedia

  • How to implement Hypothesis-Driven Development

    Classification Edit

  • Hypothesis-Driven Development By Jeffrey L

    Alexithymia describes "people who have difficulties recognizing, processing, and regulating emotions"

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Freedom of Speech (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Some scientists focus their activity on making precise and detailed observations of a phenomenon, gathering data, organizing it in sensible ways, making it accessible to other scientists. We do not disqualify those scientists as ‘scientists’ on the grounds they do not employ a scientific method. Other scientists might use their observational data to generate testable hypotheses, and other scientists might test those hypotheses by experiment, and others try to reproduce the findings. That illustrates an instance of the scientific method in action realized by the combined effort of two or more scientists working with different methods, not necessarily in one generation. Regardless of the hopefully rational approach that each scientist employs in her 'scientific method', none can leave their biases and passions outside their mind. Sometimes biases and passions contribute the advancement of science. The scientific method is the endeavor of humans, prone to error for many reasons, prone to creative insights by nature. But scientists agree on the need for verifiable knowledge, and they cannot suppress the emergence of new perspectives and paradigms.

, Harry Taylor left anti-religious ..

Another difficult case is hate speech. Most liberal democracies havelimitations on hate speech, but it is debatable whether these can bejustified by the harm principle as formulated by Mill. One would haveto show that such speech violated rights, directly and in the firstinstance. I am interested here in hate speech that does not advocateviolence against a group or individual because such speech would becaptured by Mill's harm principle. The Public Order Act 1986 in theU.K. does not require such a stringent barrier as the harm principleto prohibit speech. The Act states that “A person is guilty ofan offence if he ...displays any writing, sign or other visiblerepresentation which is threatening, abusive or insulting, within thehearing or sight of a person likely to be caused harassment, alarm ordistress.”

Scientific Temper | Science | Hypothesis

The success of science, as measured by the technological achievements that have changed our world, have led many to conclude that this success is because of the methodological rules that scientists follow. However, not all philosophers accept this conclusion; for example, (1924-1994) denied that science is genuinely a methodological process. In his book he argued that scientific progress is the result of applying any particular rules. Instead, he concluded almost that 'anything goes', in that for any particular 'rule' there are abundant examples of successful science that have proceeded in a way that seems to contradict it. To Feyeraband, there is no real difference between science and other areas of human activity characterised by reasoned thought. A similar sentiment was expressed by in 1863: "The method of scientific investigation is nothing but the expression of the necessary mode or working of the human mind. It is simply the mode at which all phenomena are reasoned about, rendered precise and exact."

Bronislaw Malinowski is considered the father of ethnographic ..

Kuhn focused attention on the unexplainable phenomena as the key to scientific revolutions, which he called "paradigm shifts". One example reported in dates back to the mathematical astronomer Claudius , who lived in Egypt in the 2nd century CE. The improvements in astronomical observation, and the accumulation of more data during that time required more and more elaborate explanations to reconcile the observational data with the accepted belief that the earth was the centre of the solar system, and indeed of the universe. By the time of (1473-1543), so much evidence had accumulated suggesting that the sun was in fact the center of the solar system, the whole infrastructure of theories broke down, leading the way to acceptance of a new heliocentric world picture. Yet, it took more than a century before all astronomers were convinced. When showed in 1905 that there is no , or at least that the concept is superfluous and may be removed from physics by Ockham's razor, many of the older generation of physicists did not accept this paradigm shift and died believing in ether; they were not converted, the ether concept died out.

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