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All races are at risk of mental illness.

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with about 6 percent suffering from a serious mental illness

Although easy solutions may not be available, it is nevertheless productive to target those people responsible for repeat or chronic disturbances. In San Diego, for example, police received an average of four calls per month about a man who was disruptive and threatening in his neighborhood. Previous responses were found to have been ad hoc and ineffective. When police targeted him, they were able to meet with him, gather his history, and then use criminal charges and probation conditions to exercise greater control over him. At the same time, the police organized and empowered the community to apply more supervision over the man and gather better evidence in case additional charges or probation revocation became necessary. The end result was a 75 percent decrease in calls and a community that was more satisfied that the police department had helped them address a chronic problem.

The Myth of Mental Illness - Wikipedia

Three people that have experienced mental illness and all that it entails are Susanna Kaysen the author of the memoir Girl, Interrupted, John Nash-a mathematician whose life was the basis of the film A Beautiful Mind and a woman named Theresa Lozowski who is a medical professio...

People with Mental Illness - Center for Problem …

“Mental illness, or nervous breakdown as some call it, is nothing to be afraid of, or to put it in better perspective, nothing to live in fear of.

9. Initiating assisted outpatient treatment. A result of deinstitutionalization is that many people with serious mental illness live in the community. For a variety of reasons, these people often fail to adhere to prescribed treatment, including medication. In most states, if a person is under court jurisdiction, a condition of remaining in the community can be compliance with prescribed treatment. Studies in New York, North Carolina, and elsewhere have demonstrated that when mechanisms are in place to encourage adherence to prescribed treatment, problems are reduced. Assisted outpatient treatment (AOT), also called outpatient commitment, uses enforcement of treatment plans by mental health workers or others (sometimes including police) to increase compliance. Results indicate that “AOT is effective in reducing the incidents and duration of hospitalization, homelessness, arrests and incarcerations, victimization, and violent episodes. AOT also increases treatment compliance and promotes long-term voluntary compliance.”

Issues of mental illness intersect with important questions aboutresponsibility. While some philosophical positions contend thatpeople are never responsible for their behavior (e.g. Strawson, 1994),this is an extreme position. In contrast, substantive questionsabout when people with significant mental illnesses are fullyresponsible for those actions symptomatic of their illnesses are verymuch up for debate. Three mental illnesses have receivedespecially intense attention from philosophers and psychiatrictheorists on the issue of responsibility: schizophrenia, psychopathy,and alcoholism. (There are of course many other mental illnesses wherethe issue of responsibility arises: obvious examples are depression,obsessive-compulsive disorder, manic episodes, paraphilias, andborderline personality disorder. Despite the fact that the varioustheories of the etiology and nature of these disorders are verysuggestive of ways to understand the responsibility of those with thedisorders for their symptomatic behavior, these and other mentaldisorders have received surprisingly little discussion fromphilosophers vis-à-vis responsibility for action. Oneexception is Arpaly, 2005))

White Supremacy Is Not an Illness – AAIHS

It is found that more than one in four teenagers suffer a mental illness and most are not identified or treated (Mcdougall, 2013).

The central philosophical debate over mental illness is not aboutits existence, but rather over how to define it, and whether it can begiven a scientific or objective definition, or whether normative andsubjective elements are essential to our concept of mentalillness. One desideratum for a successful definition of mentalillness is that it will settle debates over particular purported mentalillnesses.

A fairly common perception is that people with mental illness are disproportionately involved in violent crime. This is true in one respect but not in another. A small subset of people with mental illness, those who are actively experiencing serious psychotic symptoms, are more violent than the general population. Research suggests several factors associated with this group’s violent behavior, including drug and alcohol abuse, noncompliance with medication requirements, and biological or biochemical disorders. In general, however, “violent and criminal acts directly attributable to mental illness account for a very small proportion of all such acts in the United States. Most persons with mental illness are not criminals, and of those who are, most are not violent.”

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    Of those fifty million only about twenty-five percent seek help due to the stigma behind mental illness....

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    SAMHSA's mission is to reduce the impact of substance abuse and mental illness on America's communities.

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American Psychological Association (APA)

The following are potentially useful measures of the effectiveness of police responses to problems associated with people with mental illness:

American History Timeline - Andrew Roberts

You will note that one set of responses fits under the label “improving the police response to incidents.” Normally, problem-oriented policing is not very concerned with improving incident response—rather, it is focused on the underlying problems and conditions that give rise to incidents. In the case of people with mental illness, however, it is widely recognized that traditional police response to incidents has been unsatisfactory, and a tremendous amount of attention has been focused on improving incident response over the past decade. It has been much less common, so far, for police to take a problem-oriented approach to situations involving people with mental illness. The responses described below address both the incident-oriented and problem-oriented approaches.

Causation, Mental | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The line between normal functioning or coping with the realities of life and psychiatric illness appears to blur further with every new addition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) from the American Psychiatric Association (APA)....

Human Knowledge: Foundations and Limits

Those who argue that psychiatry and the rest of medicine areinevitably normative do not infer from this that medicine is alwaysbiased; instead, their view is that the nature of psychiatricclassification requires that some normative rather than purelyscientific assumptions be made about what counts as health and whatcounts as illness. They generally then suggest that, since medicine andpsychiatry have to make such assumptions, they should be as open andhonest about it as possible so that debates about certain categories ofpsychopathology are not based on a misunderstanding of the kind ofenterprise involved. Such theorists often add the suggestion thatin a democracy, there should be public debate about what values shouldbe at the heart of medicine and psychiatry. (Sadler, 2005; Fulford,2004)

Mental Health History Timeline - Andrew Roberts

Those who argue that psychiatric classification is necessarilyvalue-laden rarely rest their argument on the claim that all of scienceis value-laden, or even more controversially, that all of science issubjective. For the sake of argument, it is possible for all sides ofthe debate to concede that we can know facts about the causes andconsequences of the conditions we label as illnesses, and that thesefacts are entirely value-neutral. (There are of course some who woulddispute the possibility of there being, or our knowing, anyvalue-neutral facts, but this is an extreme view, and it does notsingle out medical classification as an interesting and unusual case ofvalue-ladenness. So we will set it aside.)

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