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Biography and analysis essays on aristotle and plato

The sophists used the term to mean discourse, and Aristotle applied the term to rational discourse.

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Aristotle and Plato on Realism Essay Example | Topics …

The first essay is one of Heidegger's most popular, showing up in many humanities courses about technology. That's generally a good thing because the essay starts with Aristotle's theory of forms, which will likely be most students first introduction to his . Heidegger then explores the different meanings of the Greek techne and its evolution to the modern term technology, and how the changes reflect how man thinking has changed since Aristotle's Athens.

Plato agrees with these distinctions and expands on them in the  (96e-99e).

In this lecture course appears as the "event of nihilism" during a discussion of Nietzsche's interpretation of Platonism, and why he had to overturn it.

Plato: Organicism | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

We don't have a hint here of Plato's later notions, in the  and , about a  afterlife.

A probably apocryphal story about the raid has the captain of the Vice Squad demanding to know who had written such "smut." He was told the name of the author, but of course had never heard of the man, and had no idea that Aristophanes was somewhat outside the jurisdiction of the Los Angeles Police Department.

Phenomenology came into its own with Husserl, much as epistemologycame into its own with Descartes, and ontology or metaphysics came intoits own with Aristotle on the heels of Plato. Yet phenomenology hasbeen practiced, with or without the name, for many centuries. WhenHindu and Buddhist philosophers reflected on states of consciousnessachieved in a variety of meditative states, they were practicingphenomenology. When Descartes, Hume, and Kant characterized states ofperception, thought, and imagination, they were practicingphenomenology. When Brentano classified varieties of mental phenomena(defined by the directedness of consciousness), he was practicingphenomenology. When William James appraised kinds of mental activity inthe stream of consciousness (including their embodiment and theirdependence on habit), he too was practicing phenomenology. And whenrecent analytic philosophers of mind have addressed issues ofconsciousness and intentionality, they have often been practicingphenomenology. Still, the discipline of phenomenology, its rootstracing back through the centuries, came to full flower in Husserl.

Socrates | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Plato and Aristotle, maybe, but there is no evidence of monotheism in the , or in the early dialogues that we can confidently say reflect Socrates' own ideas.

For Husserl, then, phenomenology integrates a kind of psychologywith a kind of logic. It develops a descriptive or analytic psychologyin that it describes and analyzes types of subjective mental activityor experience, in short, acts of consciousness. Yet it develops a kindof logic—a theory of meaning (today we say logical semantics)—in that it describes and analyzes objective contents ofconsciousness: ideas, concepts, images, propositions, in short, idealmeanings of various types that serve as intentional contents, ornoematic meanings, of various types of experience. These contents areshareable by different acts of consciousness, and in that sense theyare objective, ideal meanings. Following Bolzano (and to some extentthe platonistic logician Hermann Lotze), Husserl opposed any reductionof logic or mathematics or science to mere psychology, to how peoplehappen to think, and in the same spirit he distinguished phenomenologyfrom mere psychology. For Husserl, phenomenology would studyconsciousness without reducing the objective and shareable meaningsthat inhabit experience to merely subjective happenstances. Idealmeaning would be the engine of intentionality in acts ofconsciousness.

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  • Aristotle's Modes of Persuasion in Rhetoric: Ethos, …

    In Plato's , a drinking party where Socrates and Aristophanes are both present, they seem friendly enough.

  • Aristotle's Three Modes of Persuasion in Rhetoric

    Yet neither Xenophon, nor Plato, nor Aristotle allow that Socrates was actually an atheist, as charged by Meletus.

  • Thomas Aquinas: In Aristotelis De Anima …

    "Plato me put the penalty at thirty minae [$45,000], and they will stand surety..." Again we hear of Plato.

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Commentary on the Apology of Socrates - Friesian School

Phenomenology as we know it was launched by Edmund Husserl in hisLogical Investigations (1900–01). Two importantly differentlines of theory came together in that monumental work: psychologicaltheory, on the heels of Franz Brentano (and also William James, whosePrinciples of Psychology appeared in 1891 and greatlyimpressed Husserl); and logical or semantic theory, on the heels ofBernard Bolzano and Husserl’s contemporaries who founded modern logic,including Gottlob Frege. (Interestingly, both lines of research traceback to Aristotle, and both reached importantly new results inHusserl’s day.)

A line-by-line analysis of Plato's Apology, written by Kelley Ross.

A lecture course from winter semester of 1921-22, at Freiburg. Heidegger's first discussion of factical life and its relation to care, and the beginning of a phenomenological interpretation of Aristotle. It is a beginning in the sense of an introduction (the title in the entire course, according to the table of contents), a laying down of the ground for an interpretation. As is often the case in his lectures, after he interprets the course title and what questions it elicits, and in this case some descriptions of how Aristotle has been interpreted, Heidegger uses the lecture course to discuss where his thinking is headed. The is the sub-title correctly indicates that this is about the basis for phenomenology. This course is especially value for its elaborations of the sense of "care" that will figure in .

Phenomenology (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

In its root meaning, then, phenomenology is the study ofphenomena: literally, appearances as opposed to reality. Thisancient distinction launched philosophy as we emerged from Plato’scave. Yet the discipline of phenomenology did not blossom until the20th century and remains poorly understood in many circles ofcontemporary philosophy. What is that discipline? How did philosophymove from a root concept of phenomena to the discipline ofphenomenology?

PLSC 114 - Lecture 7 - The Mixed Regime and the Rule …

"Comedy of Aristophanes...walking on air and talking a lot of other nonsense about things of which I know nothing at all." This is a rather strong rejection by Socrates of any association with the Presocratics or Sophists, their projects or their reputations.

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