on Linguistic Relativism (Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis)
Whorf's hypothesis made a big initial impact and then, after receiving much criticism, was dismissed.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is in effect two ..
Dan Slobin (1996) presents a view that competes with Whorfian hypotheses as standardly understood. He hypothesizes that when the speakers are using their cognitive abilities in the service of a linguistic ability (speaking, writing, translating, etc.), the language they are planning to use to express their thought will have a temporary online effect on how they express their thought. The claim is that as long as language users are thinking in order to frame their speech or writing or translation in some language, the mandatory features of that language will influence the way they think.
Lila Gleitman is an Essentialist on the other side of the contemporary debate: she is against linguistic relativism, and against the broadly Whorfian work of Stephen Levinson's group at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics. In the context of criticizing a particular research design, Li and Gleitman (2002) quote Whorf's claim that “language is the factor that limits free plasticity and rigidifies channels of development”. But inthe claim cited, Whorf seems to be talking about the psychological topic that holds universally of human conceptual development, not claiming that linguistic relativism is true.
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Russell Gray and his colleagues have taken powerful phylogenetic methods that were developed by biologists to investigate molecular evolution, and applied them to linguistic data in order to answer questions about the evolution of language families. For example, Grayand Jordan (2000) used a parsimony analysis of a large language data set to adjudicate between competing hypotheses about the speed of thespread of Austronesian languages through the Pacific. More recently, Greenhill et al. (2010) used a NeighbourNet analysis to evaluate the relative rates of change in the typological and lexical features of Austronesian and Indo-European. These results bear on hypotheses about the relative stability of language types over lexical features of those languages, and how far back in time that stability extends. If there were highly conserved typological and lexical features, thenit might be possible to identify relationships between languages thatdate beyond the 8000 (plus or minus 2000) year limit that is imposed by lexical instability.
There is much important work yet to be done on testing the range of Whorfian hypotheses and other forms of linguistic conceptual relativism, and on understanding the significance of any Whorfian hypotheses that turn out to be well supported.
Semiotics for Beginners: Glossary
Whorf himself did not offer a hypothesis. He presented his “newprinciple of linguistic relativity” (Whorf 1956: 214) as a factdiscovered by linguistic analysis:
We should also set aside some methodological versions of linguistic relativism discussed in anthropology. It may be excellent advice to abudding anthropologist to be aware of linguistic diversity, and to beon the lookout for ways in which your language may affect your judgment of other cultures; but such advice does not constitute a hypothesis.
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Sapir-Whorf hypothesis | Psychology Wiki | FANDOM …
This is the glossary for a popular hypertext guide to semiotics by Daniel Chandler at Aberystwyth University
Despite criticism of his hypothesis as ..
04/11/2013 · Criticism Evaluation Or, does language actually "shape" ..
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis influenced the development and ..
There are also topics that fall on the borderline between philosophy of language and philosophy of linguistics: of “linguistic relativity” (see the supplement on the linguistic relativity hypothesis in the Summer 2015 archived version of the entry on ), language vs. , (including the distinction between locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary acts), the language of thought, implicature, and the semantics of mental states (see the entries on , , , , and ). In these cases it is often the kind of answer given and not the inherent nature of the topic itself that determines the classification. Topics that we consider to be more in the philosophy of language than the philosophy of linguistics include intensional contexts, direct reference, and empty names (see the entries on , , , , and ).
What are the current views on Benjamin Lee Whorf's …
Whorfian Hypothesis was not
① nearly as monolithic
② casual as some would interpret it to be
③ containing "the extravagant claims" made in the name of linguistic relativity
Every natural language
- provides metalanguage and an entirely adequate apparatus for observing the worlds
- is an extremely rich system which readily allows its speakers to overcome any predispositions that exist
Ronald Wardhaugh's alternative (1976, p.
The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: The limits of our …
He eventually became a full time linguist and theapplication of his theories (which are generally understood to be themajor part of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis) has become known asWhorfianism.
The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: The limits of our language are ..
Emergentists tend to follow Edward Sapir in taking an interest in interlinguistic and intralinguistic variation. Linguistic anthropologists have explicitly taken up the task of defending a famous claim associated with Sapir that connects linguistic variationto differences in thinking and cognition more generally. The claim isvery often referred to as the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis(though this is a largely infelicitous label, as we shall see).
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